Inventory of the Dewey M. Duckett, Sr. Papers, 1946 - 1989

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Descriptive Summary

Abstract: Dewey M. Duckett, Sr., DMD (1920-1972) of Rock Hill, South Carolina was a civil rights activist and dentist. He worked with the South Carolina Advisory Committee to the National Commission on Civil Rights investigating complaints by citizens regarding discrimination. Similarly, he was actively involved in the South Carolina Council on Human Relations (later Council on Human Rights). He was also an advocate for Licensed Practical Nursing in South Carolina and served as the president of the African American organization Palmetto Dental, Medical, and Pharmaceutical Association until 1946.
The collection contains three series. The first series consists of correspondence mainly regarding civil rights. The second series contains writings, speeches, and lectures related to Duckett's position as a doctor, civil rights activist, and member of the Council on Human Relations, with mentions of and tributes to James McBride Dabbs, Thurgood Marshall, and others. The third series addresses Duckett's affiliations such as the Palmetto Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Association, the South Carolina Commission on Human Relations, and the Practical Nursing Program. It also includes miscellaneous materials on civil rights and a 1989 Duckett family reunion.
Title: Dewey M. Duckett, Sr. Papers, 1946 - 1989
Creator: Duckett, Dewey M., Sr.
Repository: Avery Research Center at the College of Charleston
Call Number: AMN 1040
Language of Material: Material in English
Extent: .5 linear feet
(1 archival box)

Biographical Note

Dewey M. Duckett, Sr., DMD (1920-1972) of Rock Hill, South Carolina was a civil rights activist and dentist. He worked with the South Carolina Advisory Committee to the National Commission on Civil Rights investigating complaints by citizens regarding discrimination. Similarly, he was actively involved in the South Carolina Council on Human Relations (later Council on Human Rights). He was also an advocate for Licensed Practical Nursing in South Carolina and served as the president of the African American organization Palmetto Dental, Medical, and Pharmaceutical Association until 1946.


Collection Overview

The collection contains three series. The first series consists of correspondence mainly regarding civil rights. The second series contains writings, speeches, and lectures related to Duckett's position as a doctor, civil rights activist, and member of the Council on Human Relations, with mentions of and tributes to James McBride Dabbs, Thurgood Marshall, and others. The third series addresses Duckett's affiliations such as the Palmetto Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Association, the South Carolina Commission on Human Relations, and the Practical Nursing Program. It also includes miscellaneous materials on civil rights and a 1989 Duckett family reunion.

Collection Arrangement

1. Correspondence

2. Works: Writings, Lectures, and Speeches

3. Affiliations and Miscellaneous Materials



Subject Headings

  • African Americans -- Civil rights -- South Carolina -- Rock Hill -- History.
  • African American dentists.
  • African Americans in medicine -- South Carolina.
  • Dabbs, James McBride, 1896-1970.
  • Duckett, Dewey M., 1920-1972.
  • Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993.
  • Palmetto Dental, Medical, and Pharmaceutical Association.
  • Political action committees -- South Carolina.
  • Practical nursing.
  • Race discrimination -- South Carolina -- History.
  • South Carolina Council on Human Relations.
  • United States Commission on Civil Rights. South Carolina Advisory Committee.


Detailed Description of the Collection

1. Correspondence, 1953-1964.

Box 1   Folder 1
Correspondence, 1953-1964 and undated
To and from Duckett mostly regarding civil rights abuses in Rock Hill, South Carolina and the response of the Council on Human Relations; mostly from white sympathizer D.B. Whitener. Other correspondents include Elizabeth Ledeen, Alice Spearman (president of the Council), Rosa Lee Dawkins, L.N. Crawford, Mr. Mc.Iver, Peter Sussman, Rock Hill School District, William White, and Raymond White.

2. Works: Writings, Lectures, and Speeches, 1949-1963.

Box 1   Folder 2
Speeches, 1952 and undated
Regardong Civil Rights. Topics include medicine (especially discrimination in hospital facilities) in Rock Hill and York County, citizenship, discrimination, and the administration of justice.
Box 1   Folder 3
Speeches and other Printed Materials, 1954-1956 and undated
Regarding ending discrimination and integrating schools and colleges in South Carolina including materials regarding a protest of Rock Hill citizens against inadequate school facilities for black children in the area as result of Brown versus Board of Education court ruling.
Box 1   Folder 4
Introductory Speeches and Biographical Sketches 1949, 1963 and undated
On notable figures in the civil rights movement, including Dr. Reginald Hawkins, Jackie Robinson, Carl Moultrie, Thurgood Marshall, Medgar Evers, Gloria Rackley, James McBride Dabbs, and Dr. L.W. Long (a relative of Duckett's).
Box 1   Folder 5
Miscellaneous Speeches, 1951-1952 and undated
Includes progress in race relations, the role of individuals, the Council on Human Relations, poor health care in Rock Hill, speechto Emmett Scott High School detailing hardships and successes of blacks in medicine, and a Morehouse College graduation speech.

3. Affiliations and Miscellaneous Materials, 1946-1989.

Box 1   Folder 6
Palmetto Medical, Dental and Pharmaceutical Association: Minutes and Other Materials, 1946 and 1952-1954
Includes minutes and details regarding Association meeting with Thurgood Marshall as Guest Speaker. Also includes speech Duckett gave as retiring President of the Association.
Box 1   Folder 7
United States Commission on Civil Rights. South Carolina Advisory Committee: Minutes, Clippings, Correspondence, and Other Printed Materials, 1960-1963 and undated
Includes detailed reports and correspondence of incidents involving civil rights abuses submitted to the South Carolina Advisory Committee on Human Rights.
Box 1   Folder 8
Practical Nursing Program: Speeches, Clippings and Related Materials
Includes history of the program by Lillian Crawford acknowledging Duckett for assistance with creating it and several speeches Duckett gave to Practical Nurses Association.
Box 1   Folder 9
Miscellaneous Writings Regarding Civil Rights, undated
Includes a statement on the violation of civil rights in Orangeburg, South Carolina; a statement regarding race relations in Charleston, South Carolina; a speech given to a radio station regarding deteriorating race relations in Orangeburg, South Carolina; and a proposal to create a committee for civil rights in Rock Hill.
Box 1   Folder 10
Area Centennial Homecoming Celebration and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People State Conference Printed Programs, 1962 and 1964
Box 1   Folder 11
Duckett Family Reunion, 1989
Includes schedule, agenda, and family tree.
Box 1   Folder 12
Miscellaneous Materials
Includes newspaper clippings and writing excerpts.
Box 1   Folder 13
Dewey Duckett Family Reunion and Recollection, 1988
Two video cassettes.


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Avery Research Center's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Avery Research Center claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Dewey M. Duckett, Sr. Papers, Avery Research Center, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA.

Acquisitions Information

Donated by Dewey M. Duckett and Camille D. Alexander, 1988

Processing Information

Processed by Jessica Lancia, August 2007

Encoded by Melissa Bronheim, August 2010

Edited by Melissa Bronheim, August 2010

Funding from the Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation supported the processing of this collection.

Funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources supported the collection processing and encoding of this finding aid.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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