Inventory of the Virginia M. Geraty Papers, 1915 - 2007

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Descriptive Summary

Abstract: Virginia Mixson Geraty (1915-2004) was born in Summerville, South Carolina to Edward Miles Mixson and his wife Ethel Sarah Ray Mixson. Geraty attended Immaculate Catholic School at Hendersonville, North Carolina, where her family lived during part of her childhood. After the passing of her younger brother and father, Geraty and her family moved to Yonges Island, South Carolina. It was there on the island that Geraty became interested in Gullah, when she heard it being spoken by a family servant named, Maum Chrish. Geraty lived for over fifty years in the Yonges Island and Edisto area near Charleston, where she studied the language and culture of the Gullah people who lived there. She was dedicated to the preservation of the Gullah language, which is the only English-based creole used in the continental United States. Geraty served as a librarian for twenty years with the Charleston County District schools and became an adjunct professor of Gullah at the College of Charleston, where she received an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from the college in 1995. She authored poetry and books in Gullah, and also produced popular recordings in the language. In addition, she was involved in theater and film productions that promoted popular understanding of the language, such as Gullah Tales and Porgy: A Gullah Version.
The collection contains personal and professional documents, manuscripts and literary productions, correspondence, clippings, and other materials relating to Geraty’s lifelong work preserving and teaching the Gullah language. Materials in the collection date from 1915–2007, with bulk dates spanning the years 1978–2004.
Title: Virginia M. Geraty Papers, 1915 - 2007
Call Number: AMN 1123
Repository: Avery Research Center at the College of Charleston
Creator: Geraty, Virginia M.
Bulk: 1978-2004
Dates: 1915-2007
Language of Material: Material in English and Gullah
Extent: 10.1 Linear feet
(11 archival boxes, 44 audio cassettes, 12 VHS cassettes, and 7 computer storage disks)

Biographical Note

Virginia Mixson Geraty was born on June 9, 1915 in Summerville, South Carolina to Edward Miles Mixson, who was in the real estate and insurance business, and his wife Ethel Sarah Ray Mixson of Charleston. Geraty attended Immaculate Catholic School at Hendersonville, North Carolina, where her family lived during her childhood. Following the death of her father, she and her family moved to Yonge’s Island. It was there at her grandmother’s home on the island that Geraty became interested in Gullah; when she became acquainted with a servant named, Maum Chrish and Chrish’s grandson, Jobie. She married James Ray Geraty when she was eighteen years old; he was a grandson of William C. Geraty, co-founder with Frank W. Towles of a trucking farm in Charleston County. There were four children from this marriage: Joyce Marie Massenberg, Virginia Ray Evans, Judith Ann Hicks and James Ray Geraty, Jr., who died in childbirth. In 1947, she married Charles Cooper Geraty, a double first cousin of her first husband-- he died in 1970. There were two children from this second marriage: Charlotte Mixson Callis and Edward Mixson Geraty. Geraty lived for over fifty years in the Yonges Island and Edisto area near Charleston, where she studied the language and culture of the Gullah people who lived on these islands. She was dedicated to the preservation of the Gullah language, which is the only English-based creole used in the continental United States. For twenty years she was employed as a librarian in the Charleston County District schools. During this time, she was able to learn from the large number of African American people in the area who used the language as their mother tongue.

Geraty not only spoke the language, but studied its grammar and syntax—and even mastered the art of writing it. Her first publication was Mistuh Adam en’ Ebe (1977) and her second publication, T’engk Gawd fuh Chaa’stun, won first place in its category in a contest sponsored by the Poetry Society of South Carolina and the College of Charleston (1978). She also made a Gullah record called Maum Chrish’ Chaastun. Other publications by Geraty include Bittle en’ T’ing (Victuals and Other Things), and Porgy: A Gullah Version from Wyrick and Company. She also produced an unabridged dictionary of 2000 words and idiomatic expressions with Brent Douglas Galloway, which was written and defined according to the International Phonetic Alphabet.

Her accomplishments and honors are numerous; she was awarded the Pegasus Prize of the Poetry Society of South Carolina in 1980 and a 1984 nominee for Poet Laureate of South Carolina. She worked with the Summer Institute of Linguistics and was a translator for the Gullah edition of the Bible. She was a Gullah consultant for Charleston Adventure Voice of America, Catch the Song and Gullah Tales — one of three live action short films nominated for an Academy Award in 1989. She also served as dialect coach for Tales of the Unknown South, and the BBC production of The Story of English. Geraty held memberships in the Modern Language Association, the South Atlantic Modern Language Association, the National League of American Penwomen, the Poetry Society of South Carolina, the South Carolina Historical Society, the International Platform Association, the South Carolina Retired Educators Association, the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History, and Avery Institute, connected with the College of Charleston.

Geraty was an adjunct professor of Gullah at the College of Charleston and received an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from the college in 1995. She received the South Carolina Committee for the Humanities in 1998, was a finalist for the Aegis Award of Excellence in 1999 for Porgy: A Gullah Version and was inducted into Kappa Delta Phi, the international honor society at the Citadel in Charleston in 2000. Geraty died on November 27, 2004; she was eighty-nine years old.

SOURCES: Avery Research Center collection folders: Virginia M.Geraty Papers, 1915-2007


Collection Overview

The collection contains personal and professional documents, manuscripts and literary productions, correspondence, clippings, and other materials relating to Geraty’s lifelong work of preserving and teaching the Gullah language. Materials in the collection date from 1915–2007, with bulk dates spanning the years 1978–2004.

Series 1. Biographical and Professional Material, 1915-2004, undated includes Geraty’s certificate of baptism, biographies and obituaries; photographs, business correspondence concerning her family’s farm, as well as copies of her curriculum vitae and documents concerning her employment with the College of Charleston. The series also consists of certificates and a plaque, which were awarded to Geraty throughout her professional career. A recorded oral history interview with Geraty and accompanying interview transcriptions can also be found in the series.

Series 2. Educational and Instructional Material, 1964-2001, undated is comprised of documents pertaining to Gullah language instruction. Gullah language and grammar lessons; an instructional resource book written by Geraty for teachers called, A Teacher’s Guide to the Gullah Language; and essays on Black English, Gullah speech, and the state of South Carolina’s education system are contained within the series. Also included are student work, correspondence, and materials relating to Geraty’s proposal for implementing Gullah language workshops in the Charleston County School District.

Series 3. Literary Productions, 1962-2005, undated contains stories, poems and other writings in English and Gullah; research documents on the stages of a bible translation project, as well as translated bible scriptures; speeches, notes and original manuscripts of some of her published works, including: Bittle en’ Ting, Gullah Cooking with Maum Chrish’, Charleston’s Highlights, Sidelights and Shadows from 1670 to 1995 and Gullah Fuh Oonuh: A Gullah/English Dictionary. The series also consists of 227 notebooks documenting Geraty’s activities with regard to authoring literature, developing curriculum for Gullah language instruction, film and theater productions, and museums. CDs and floppy disks containing literary research and works written by Geraty are included in the series as well.

Series 4. Drawings and Illustrations, 1985-1997, undated consists of ink and pencil sketches, color drawings and illustrations, drawings and cutouts from a child and sketches from Geraty’s illustrated children’s book, A Gullah Night Before Christmas.

Series 5. Porgy, A Gullah Version, 1987-2002, undated includes ephemera from the production, such as flyers, invitations and souvenir booklets; annotated scripts and music from the play; as well as production descriptions, notes, summaries, and a study guide. In addition, the series contains book reviews of Geraty’s translated version of the play and newspaper clippings consisting of play reviews and articles on the production. Cast photographs, stage layouts and scenery drawings, production notes, correspondence, royalty statements and other financial material are also part of this series.

Series 6. Financial and Legal Material, 1979-2004, undated contains a business license for Geraty’s company, Gullah Gap; grant program applications and guidelines from DSP and the South Carolina Humanities Council; invoices, agreements, copies of checks including one from actress, Cicely Tyson; tax documents and financial notes; annual statements, as well as royalty statements and reports. The series is also comprised of financial records and legal documents pertaining to Cabbage Row Company Inc.

Series 7. Printed Material and Ephemera, 1932-2007, undated includes magazine and news clippings pertaining to Geraty’s professional and literary accomplishments, as well as topics concerning education in schools and for black students, understanding and preserving Gullah culture, letters to the editor and event announcements. In addition, the series encompasses pamphlets flyers, booklets, brochures, scrapbooks and other ephemera collected and created throughout her life.

Series 8. Correspondence, 1976-2007, undated is comprised of personal and professional correspondence including letters from the Charleston County Public School system and the State Department of South Carolina regarding her developing a Gullah language curriculum for South Carolina schools; from audience members at her speaking engagements and admirers requesting copies of her literary works. Also, includes a letter from White House Staff Assistant, Landon Kite, thanking Geraty on behalf of President and Mrs. Carter for the birthday gift she sent to them. Thank you letters, letters documenting her work with the College of Charleston’s Continuing Education Program, as well as those documenting her study of the Gullah language at academic institutions in the South are also present in the series.

Series 9. Miscellaneous, 1980-2001, undated contains a resume and biographical information for participants in a professional exchange/cultural exchange program and visitor service program. The series is also comprised of various address, phone and to-do lists, as well as maps.

Series 10. Audio-Visual Material, 1979-2004, undated is comprised of cassette tapes documenting college lectures, presentations and workshops on Gullah; recordings of Geraty’s publications, Gullah Night Before Christmas, Tenk Gawd for Charleston, and Gullah for Oonuh; as well as of Cabbage Row Company, Inc.’s funding meetings and script readings/dialogue from her production, Porgy, A Gullah Version. The series also consists of VHS tapes, including a home movie of Geraty speaking about the Gullah language from her living room; footage of her reading Gullah stories to children and presenting on Gullah language at Francis Marion College; and videos of externally produced television programs on Gullah from National Geographic Explorer and Talkback on WCSC-TV. Additionally, the series includes videotapes of play interviews, practice curtain calls and College of Charleston classroom scenes from Geraty’s Porgy, A Gullah Version; as well as news coverage of her funeral in 2004.


Collection Arrangement

1. Biographical and Professional Material, 1915-2005, undated

2. Educational and Instructional Material, 1964-2001, undated

3. Literary Productions, 1944-2005, undated

4. Drawings and Illustrations, 1985-1997, undated

5. Porgy, A Gullah Version, 1987-2002, undated

6. Financial and Legal Material, 1979-2004, undated

7. Printed Material and Ephemera, 1932-2007, undated

8. Correspondence, 1976-2007, undated

9. Miscellaneous, 1980-2001, undated

10. Audio-Visual Material, 1979-2004, undated


Related Materials

The following published books or monographs were moved to the Avery Research Center Library Collection:

Geraty, V. M. (1992). Bittle en' t'ing': Gullah cooking with Maum Chrish'. Orangeburg, S.C: Sandlapper Pub.

Geraty, V. M., & Rice, J. (1998). Gullah night before Christmas. Gretna, La: Pelican Pub. Co.

Geraty, V. M. (2001). A teacher's guide to the Gullah language. Charleston, S.C: V.M. Geraty.

Heyward, D., Geraty, V. M., & Heyward, D. B. (1990). Porgy: A Gullah version. Charleston [S.C.]: Wyrick.

Sea Island Translation and Literacy Team., Summer Institute of Linguistics., & Wycliffe Bible Translators. (1995). De Good Nyews bout Jedus Christ wa Luke write: The Gospel according to Luke. New York: American Bible Society.


Subject Headings

  • African Americans--Poetry.
  • African Americans--Sea Islands--Social life and customs.
  • African Americans--South Carolina--Charleston.
  • Charleston (S.C.)--Drama.
  • Charleston (S.C.)--History.
  • Creole dialects, English--South Carolina.
  • Education--South Carolina--Charleston.
  • Geraty family.
  • Geraty, Virginia Mixson, 1915-2004.
  • Gullah cooking.
  • Gullah women.
  • Gullahs--History.
  • Gullahs--South Carolina--Sea Islands--Folklore.
  • Gullahs--South Carolina--Social life and customs.
  • National League of American Pen Women
  • Sea Islands Creole dialect--Dictionaries--English.
  • Sea Islands Creole dialect--South Carolina.
  • Sea Islands Creole dialect--Study and teaching.
  • Sea Islands Creole dialect--Texts--Video.
  • South Carolina Educational Television Network.


Detailed Description of the Collection

1. Biographical and Professional Material, 1915-2005, undated.

This series contains materials related to Virginia M. Geraty’s life, professional career and death, including her certificate of baptism, biographies and obituaries; photographs, business correspondence concerning her family’s farm, as well as copies of her curriculum vitae and documents concerning her employment with the College of Charleston. The series also consists of certificates and a plaque, which were awarded to Geraty throughout her professional career. A recorded oral history interview with Geraty and accompanying interview transcriptions can also be found in the series.
Box 1   Folder 1
Certificate of Baptism, 1915
Box 1   Folder 2
Geraty Farms, 1918, undated
Box 1   Folder 3
Photographs, 1973, undated
Box 1   Folder 4
Employment Documents, 1973-1985, undated
Employment Agreement, Faculty Contract Request Forms, Grade Reports, Personnel Action Sheet, and Temporary Appointment Letters
Box 1   Folder 5
Awards: Certificates, 1983-2000
Box 1   Folder 6
Awards: Plaque, 1994
Box 1   Folder 7
Autobiographies, Biographies, Business Cards, Curriculum Vitae, and Mission Statements, 2002-2005, undated
Box 1   Folder 8
Obituaries, 2004
Box 1   Folder 9
Oral History Interview, undated

2. Educational and Instructional Material, 1964-2001, undated.

This series is comprised of documents pertaining to learning and teaching the Gullah language. It contains Gullah language and grammar lessons; an instructional resource book written by Geraty for teachers called, A Teacher’s Guide to the Gullah Language; and essays on Black English, Gullah speech, and the state of South Carolina’s education system. Also included in the series are student work, correspondence, and materials relating to Geraty’s proposal for implementing Gullah language workshops in the Charleston County School District.
Box 1   Folder 10
Student Exercises and Exams, 1964-1988, undated
Box 1   Folder 11
Student Exercises and Exams (restricted), 1979-1987, undated
Box 1   Folder 12
Essays, 1978-2001, undated
Box 1   Folder 13
Correspondence, 1978-2002, undated
Box 1   Folder 14
Agendas, Programs, Non-Credit Course Catalogs and Descriptions, and Registration Forms, 1979-1999, undated
Box 1   Folder 15
Notes, 1981-2003, undated
Box 1   Folder 16
Notes, undated
Box 1   Folder 17
Gullah Language and Grammar Lessons, 1984, undated
Box 1   Folder 18
Gullah Language and Grammar Lessons, undated
Box 1   Folder 19
Gullah Language and Grammar Lessons, undated
Box 1   Folder 20
Gullah Workshops for the Effective Teacher, 1985-1994, undated
Box 1   Folder 21
A Teacher’s Guide to the Gullah Language: Booklets, 2001
Box 1   Folder 22
A Teacher’s Guide to the Gullah Language: Drafts and Corrected Manuscripts, 2001, undated
Box 1   Folder 23
Gullah Glossaries and Vocabulary, undated
Box 1   Folder 24
An Introduction to Gullah: Draft, Guidebook and CD, undated
Box 1   Folder 25
Resource Development Project Summary, undated

3. Literary Productions, 1944-2005, undated.

This series encompasses stories, poems and other writings in English and Gullah; research documents on the stages of a bible translation project, as well as translated bible scriptures; speeches, notes and original manuscripts of selected published works from Geraty, including Bittle en’ Ting, Gullah Cooking with Maum Chrish’, Charleston’s Highlights, Sidelights and Shadows from 1670 to 1995 and Gullah Fuh Oonuh: A Gullah/English Dictionary. The series also consists of 227 notebooks documenting Geraty’s activities with regard to authoring literature, developing curriculum for Gullah language instruction, film and theater productions, and museums. CDs and floppy disks containing literary research and works written by Geraty are contained within the series as well.

3.1 General, 1944-2003, undated.

Box 1   Folder 26
Copies of Works by Albert H. Stoddard, 1944-1949, undated
Box 1   Folder 27
The Story of the South Carolina Lowcountry by Herbert Ravenel Sass, 1966
Box 1   Folder 28
Stories, Poems and Other Writings in English, 1970-1996, undated
Box 2   Folder 1
Stories, Poems and Other Writings in English, undated
Box 2   Folder 2
Stories, Poems and Other Writings in English, undated
Box 2   Folder 3
Stories, Poems and Other Writings in English, undated
Box 2   Folder 4
Stages of a Bible Translation Project, 1974, undated
Box 2   Folder 5
First and Second Timothy in English, 1981, undated
Box 2   Folder 6
The Gospel of Luke in Gullah, undated
Box 2   Folder 7
Chapters from the Book of Psalms in Gullah, undated
Box 2   Folder 8
College of Charleston Literary Journal, 1975
Box 2   Folder 9
Stories, Poems and Other Writings in Gullah, 1977-1999, undated
Box 2   Folder 10
Stories, Poems and Other Writings in Gullah, undated
Box 2   Folder 11
Stories, Poems and Other Writings in Gullah, undated
Box 2   Folder 12
Stories, Poems and Other Writings in Gullah, undated
Box 2   Folder 13
Speeches, 1978-2002, undated
Box 2   Folder 14
Speeches, undated
Box 2   Folder 15
Maum Chrish’ Chaa’stun, A Gullah Story, 1979-1989
Box 2   Folder 16
Ashes: Adapted Film Script, 1983
Box 2   Folder 17
Gullah Tales: Film Scripts and Descriptions, 1986, undated
Box 2   Folder 18
Notes, 1988-1991, undated
Box 2   Folder 19
Notes, undated
Box 2   Folder 20
Gullah Language, 1988-2003, undated
Box 2   Folder 21
Gullah: The Lowcountry Dialect: Student Paper, 1990
Box 2   Folder 22
Bittle en’ Ting, Gullah Cooking with Maum Chrish’: Annotated Manuscript, 1991
Box 2   Folder 23
Bittle en’ Ting, Gullah Cooking with Maum Chrish’: Recipes, Notes and Drafts, 1992, undated
Box 2   Folder 24
Announcement, Bibliographies, Flyers, Order Forms, Pamphlets, Magazine and Newspaper Clippings, 1992, undated
Box 2   Folder 25
Redefining Success: Research Proposal by Sylvia O’ Callaghan-Brown, 1994
Box 2   Folder 26
Charleston’s Highlights, Sidelights and Shadows from 1670 to 1995: Booklet and Drafts, 1995, undated
Box 2   Folder 27
The Ecology of Gullah’s Survival by Salikoko Mufwene, 1997
Box 2   Folder 28
Gullah Night Before Christmas, 2002, undated
Box 2   Folder 29
The Charleston/Gullah Connection, undated
Box 2   Folder 30
Gullah, That Distinctive Voice of Charleston, undated
Box 2   Folder 31
Tour Guide Script by Alphonso Brown, undated
Box 2   Folder 32
Untitled Manuscript, undated
Box 3   Folder 1
Geraty and Galloway: A Dictionary of the Gullah Language – Reader Reviews, 2002, undated
Box 3   Folder 2
Geraty and Galloway: A Dictionary of the Gullah Language – Comments on Suggestions from Reader Reviews, 2002-2003
Box 3   Folder 3
Geraty and Galloway: A Dictionary of the Gullah Language – Reader Questions, undated
Box 3   Folder 4
A Dictionary of the Gullah Language: Manuscript, 2003
Box 3   Folder 5
Geraty and Galloway: A Dictionary of the Gullah Language – Manuscript, 2003
Box 3   Folder 6
Geraty and Galloway: A Dictionary of the Gullah Language – Shipper’s Letter, Curriculum Vitae and Manuscript, 2003, undated
Box 3   Folder 7
Gullah Dictionary A to Z, undated
Box 3   Folder 8
Gulluh Fuh Oonuh: A Gullah/English Dictionary (Abridged), undated
Box 3   Folder 9
Gulluh Fuh Oonuh: A Gullah/English Dictionary (Abridged), undated
Box 3   Folder 10
Gulluh Fuh Oonuh: A Gullah/English Dictionary (Abridged) – Miscellaneous, undated
Box 3   Folder 11
Gullah Fuh Oonuh (the video), undated

3.2 Notebooks, 1962-2005, undated.

Box 3   Folder 12
Constitution and By-Laws, 1962
Box 3   Folder 13
Holiday House, 1962
Box 3   Folder 14
Untitled, 1979
Box 3   Folder 15
Record Sales Contacts, 1976-1982
Box 3   Folder 16
Curriculum Vitae and Notes, 1984
Box 3   Folder 17
Gulluh Fuh Oonuh, 1984
Box 3   Folder 18
Bedside Book, 1985
Box 3   Folder 19
Poems for Kiawah, 1985
Box 3   Folder 20
Gullah Gab 2, 1986
Box 3   Folder 21
Vocabulary, 1986
Box 3   Folder 22
Gullah Class, 1987
Box 3   Folder 23
Stories to Tell, 1987
Box 3   Folder 24
Introduction to Gullah, High School Students/College Freshman, 1987-1989
Box 3   Folder 25
Gullah Class, 1988
Box 4   Folder 1
Poems for Publication, 1988
Box 4   Folder 2
Showcase ’88, 1988
Box 4   Folder 3
International Museum of African American History and Culture, 1988-2004
Box 4   Folder 4
Cabbage Row Company, 1989
Box 4   Folder 5
Gullah Tales, 1989
Box 4   Folder 6
Porgy “Legs-ups”, 1989-1990
Box 4   Folder 7
NAACP, 1989-2000
Box 4   Folder 8
Black Religious Customs in the Lowcountry, 1990
Box 4   Folder 9
Eden’s Isle, Teacher’s Guide: Porgy-ETV Famous American Stories and Highlights, 1990
Box 4   Folder 10
History Notes, 1990
Box 4   Folder 11
Untitled, 1990
Box 4   Folder 12
“Porgy” for Spoleto, 1991
Box 4   Folder 13
Chas-Highlights-Sidelights and Shadows, 1992
Box 4   Folder 14
Chas-Highlights-Sidelights and Shadows & Video. Gulluh Fuh Oonuh, 1992
Box 4   Folder 15
Bible Translation, 1993
Box 4   Folder 16
Highlights, 1993
Box 4   Folder 17
Porgy ’93, 1993
Box 4   Folder 18
Porgy, A Gullah Version, 1994
Box 4   Folder 19
Proposal, 1994
Box 4   Folder 20
Writer’s Dictionary, 1994
Box 4   Folder 21
Mojo ’95 Skit, 1995
Box 4   Folder 22
“Porgy” Adapted for SCETV, 1995
Box 4   Folder 23
Tape for Video Productions, 1995-1999
Box 4   Folder 24
Dinner Theatre, 1996
Box 4   Folder 25
Porgy’s Dinner Theatre, 1996
Box 4   Folder 26
Porgy ‘97/Gift Shop #’s, 1997
Box 4   Folder 27
Untitled, 1997
Box 4   Folder 28
The Dwindling Days, 1997-1998
Box 4   Folder 29
English Translation for “Porgy” (ETV), 1998
Box 4   Folder 30
New Gullah Tape/Wren’s Nest (Intro), 1998
Box 4   Folder 31
List for Gala,
Box 4   Folder 32
“Porgy” Distribution, 1999
Box 4   Folder 33
Sales, 1999
Box 4   Folder 34
Shops/Museums, 1999
Box 4   Folder 35
“Gullah is Both the Name of a People…”, 1999
Box 4   Folder 36
Mayvobo Senjus, 1999
Box 4   Folder 37
Untitled, 1999
Box 4   Folder 38
Kenyon List for TGGL 1st Meeting Now, 2001
Box 4   Folder 39
Kenyon, undated
Box 4   Folder 40
“Harris”/Kenyon, undated
Box 4   Folder 41
Kenyon, undated
Box 4   Folder 42
Seminar and Research on Low Country Black Culture, 2001
Box 4   Folder 43
Current Projects, 2002
Box 4   Folder 44
Kenyon - Michele Langston, 2002
Box 4   Folder 45
Kenyon Project, 2002
Box 4   Folder 46
Struggling Schools or Struggling Teachers, 2002
Box 4   Folder 47
Gullah For You, 2003
Box 4   Folder 48
Low Country Gullah Culture, 2003
Box 4   Folder 49
Orders, 2003
Box 4   Folder 50
New Projects, 2004
Box 4   Folder 51
She Was Using This (1 of 3), 2005
Box 4   Folder 52
She Was Using This (2 of 3), 2005
Box 4   Folder 53
She Was Using This (3 of 3), 2005
Box 4   Folder 54
The A.A. Gullah Language from A to Z, undated
Box 4   Folder 55
Address = Gullah and old Friend Preservation, undated
Box 4   Folder 56
SAMLA Meetings, undated
Box 4   Folder 57
Aesop Fables, undated
Box 4   Folder 58
African American Museum: Gullah Language Exhibit, undated
Box 4   Folder 59
Ambrose E. Gonzales - Gullah Vocabulary - Gullah Instruction, undated
Box 4   Folder 60
April, undated
Box 4   Folder 61
Bill Sleuarl, undated
Box 4   Folder 62
Birthdays, undated
Box 4   Folder 63
Black America Newspaper, undated
Box 4   Folder 64
Blank Proposal, undated
Box 4   Folder 65
Books of Luke Translated into the Gullah Language, undated
Box 4   Folder 66
Cabbage Row, Menu and Gift Shop, undated
Box 4   Folder 67
Call Amanda Gallsman at Sandpaper, undated
Box 5   Folder 1
Cast Fees, undated
Box 5   Folder 2
Caw-Caw Gullah Guide, undated
Box 5   Folder 3
Caw Caw Poems, undated
Box 5   Folder 4
CCSD Current Work, undated
Box 5   Folder 5
Character Sketches, Porgy = ADAPT SCETV, undated
Box 5   Folder 6
The Charleston - Gullah Connection Presentation, undated
Box 5   Folder 7
Charleston Place, undated
Box 5   Folder 8
Charleston Highlights – Sidelights and Shadows, undated
Box 5   Folder 9
Charleston Receipts, undated
Box 5   Folder 10
Children’s Presentation, undated
Box 5   Folder 11
Church Address Lists and Notes, undated
Box 5   Folder 12
Cicely Tyson’s Lines from Dessa Rose - Biblical Prayers for Catholics and Others, undated
Box 5   Folder 13
Cinduh Elluh en’ de Chimbly Sweep, undated
Box 5   Folder 14
Closing the Gullah Gap, undated
Box 5   Folder 15
CofC Summit Meeting, undated
Box 5   Folder 16
Complete Glossary – Some Transparency, undated
Box 5   Folder 17
Contacts of Colleagues, undated
Box 5   Folder 18
Current June 23, undated
Box 5   Folder 19
Current Sept. 10, undated
Box 5   Folder 20
De Cuntry Mouse en’ …, undated
Box 5   Folder 21
Dec. 15th, Mother Goose, undated
Box 5   Folder 22
Dr. Eichleberger, undated
Box 5   Folder 23
Echos of Gullah Voices, undated
Box 5   Folder 24
Eden’s Isle, undated
Box 5   Folder 25
Edisto Island Supper Club Lady, undated
Box 5   Folder 26
Engagements in Back, undated
Box 5   Folder 27
First Lore in Yellow Leaf, undated
Box 5   Folder 28
Folklore, undated
Box 5   Folder 29
Francis Marion College, undated
Box 5   Folder 30
Gand Fin’um Gullah Presentation, undated
Box 5   Folder 31
Geraty, undated
Box 5   Folder 32
Gershwin collaborated with DuBose Heyward and in 1935 (Blue Notebook), undated
Box 5   Folder 33
Gift Shop #’s, undated
Box 5   Folder 34
Good Morning and Thank You…, undated
Box 5   Folder 35
Gullah...Black English...Ebonics?, undated
Box 5   Folder 36
Gullah Conlad, undated
Box 5   Folder 37
Gullah for CD-ROM - Gullah for TESOL, undated
Box 5   Folder 38
Gullah for Oonuh Vocabulary, undated
Box 5   Folder 39
Gullah From A to Z and Kenyon, undated
Box 5   Folder 40
Gullah Gab with Maum Chrish (Tape 3), undated
Box 5   Folder 41
Gullah Glossary, undated
Box 5   Folder 42
Gullah Grammar Instruction, undated
Box 5   Folder 43
Gullah Green Pasture, undated
Box 5   Folder 44
Gullah, Gullah, undated
Box 5   Folder 45
Gullah Gyap, undated
Box 5   Folder 46
Gullah is both the name of a people…, undated
Box 5   Folder 47
Gullah Language, undated
Box 5   Folder 48
Gullah Language: a study, undated
Box 5   Folder 49
Gullah Language A to Z, undated
Box 5   Folder 50
Gullah Language A to Z and New State…, undated
Box 5   Folder 51
Gullah Language – Book I, undated
Box 5   Folder 52
Gullah, One of Charleston’s Distinctive Voices, undated
Box 5   Folder 53
Gullah Recents, undated
Box 5   Folder 54
Gullah Tales, undated
Box 5   Folder 55
Hominy Grits (Page Morris Gonzales Nephew … for Fables), undated
Box 5   Folder 56
How to Read in Dialect, undated
Box 5   Folder 57
Hughley, undated
Box 5   Folder 58
I Video Workbook Education, undated
Box 5   Folder 59
If Found, Please Call Willow, undated
Box 5   Folder 60
Interviews on a Slice of Life, undated
Box 5   Folder 61
Joy’s Poem - Ebonics, undated
Box 5   Folder 62
Language, undated
Box 5   Folder 63
Leaves from Cabbage Patch, undated
Box 5   Folder 64
Letters To, undated
Box 5   Folder 65
Linguistic Society of America, undated
Box 5   Folder 66
Lions, undated
Box 5   Folder 67
Luke I & II, undated
Box 5   Folder 68
Luke 3-5, undated
Box 5   Folder 69
Luke 10-13, undated
Box 5   Folder 70
Luke 15-16, undated
Box 5   Folder 71
Luke 19-22, undated
Box 5   Folder 72
McCleod, undated
Box 5   Folder 73
Mayor Riley - Virginia Geraty, undated
Box 5   Folder 74
Mistrel & Variety, undated
Box 6   Folder 1
Museum, undated
Box 6   Folder 2
Ned’s Work – Dictionary Reviews and Comments, undated
Box 6   Folder 3
New Class, undated
Box 6   Folder 4
New Gullah Gab, Introduction – Side A, Gab- Side B, undated
Box 6   Folder 5
Notes for Pen Women Program, undated
Box 6   Folder 6
Observations of an Odd Ball, undated
Box 6   Folder 7
An Old Presentation, undated
Box 6   Folder 8
O’p’n _en’ Shet Wu’ss, undated
Box 6   Folder 9
Original – Out Our Way, Geraty - Library, undated
Box 6   Folder 10
Outdoor Grill, undated
Box 6   Folder 11
Outline for Poems, “Out Our Way”, undated
Box 6   Folder 12
Palmetto Project, undated
Box 6   Folder 13
Patty’s Poems, undated
Box 6   Folder 14
PDF, undated
Box 6   Folder 15
Pool, undated
Box 6   Folder 16
Porgy, undated
Box 6   Folder 17
Porgy, undated
Box 6   Folder 18
Porgy, A Gullah Version, Summer 1920 – Charleston, So. Car, undated
Box 6   Folder 19
Porgy’s Courtyard Dinner Theatre, undated
Box 6   Folder 20
Porgy Sales - Gift Shops, undated
Box 6   Folder 21
Presentation, undated
Box 6   Folder 22
Presentation for School Children (Elementary), undated
Box 6   Folder 23
Presentation for SCNB Series, undated
Box 6   Folder 24
Presentation: “Voices of Charleston”, undated
Box 6   Folder 25
Preservation Material for Lions, Oct. 2nd, undated
Box 6   Folder 26
Proposal for Porgy’s Dinner Theatre and Letters about Gershwin’s Opera, undated
Box 6   Folder 27
Proposed Video of Charleston, undated
Box 6   Folder 28
Psalms 91-104, Luke and Psalms Translated for Shapes, undated
Box 6   Folder 29
Raggedy Ann Doll, undated
Box 6   Folder 30
“Reading Rules”, undated
Box 6   Folder 31
Return to the Scene, undated
Box 6   Folder 32
Samples with Sardi Widmar $100.00 - Letter to Joe McHugh, undated
Box 6   Folder 33
School Distribution, undated
Box 6   Folder 34
Schools & Principals, undated
Box 6   Folder 35
Schools for Video, undated
Box 6   Folder 36
Sid, undated
Box 6   Folder 37
A Slice of Life, undated
Box 6   Folder 38
“A Slice of Life”, Shirley’s Address and Phone, Garden Club List, undated
Box 6   Folder 39
Some for Francis Marion, undated
Box 6   Folder 40
Some Gullah Guide, undated
Box 6   Folder 41
South Carolina Waterfowl Associate, undated
Box 6   Folder 42
Spring Fling, undated
Box 6   Folder 43
State Grant Application/Bible Translation of John, undated
Box 6   Folder 44
Sun and the Wind, undated
Box 6   Folder 45
Teachers Guide to the Gullah Language, undated
Box 6   Folder 46
Teachers Guide to the Gullah Language (cont.), undated
Box 6   Folder 47
There’s A Word For It, undated
Box 6   Folder 48
To Ron Daise, undated
Box 6   Folder 49
Todd White, undated
Box 6   Folder 50
Tommy Melton, SC Coast Prod.- Loc. Resources – Tia Oz Pub Co. Earth Artists, undated
Box 6   Folder 51
V. Geraty, Production, undated
Box 6   Folder 52
Virginia Geraty, undated
Box 6   Folder 53
Vocabulary A-B, undated
Box 6   Folder 54
Vocabulary F-L, undated
Box 6   Folder 55
Vocabulary M-O, undated
Box 6   Folder 56
Vocabulary Transferred, undated
Box 6   Folder 57
Words for Typical Dictionary, undated
Box 6   Folder 58
Work for Francis Marion, undated
Box 6   Folder 59
Untitled -1, undated
Box 6   Folder 60
Untitled - 2, undated
Box 6   Folder 61
Untitled – 3, undated
Box 6   Folder 62
Untitled - 4, undated
Box 6   Folder 63
Untitled – 5, undated
Box 6   Folder 64
Untitled – 6, undated
Box 6   Folder 65
Untitled – 7, undated
Box 6   Folder 66
Untitled – 8, undated
Box 6   Folder 67
Untitled – 9, undated
Box 6   Folder 68
Untitled – 10, undated
Box 6   Folder 69
Untitled – 11, undated
Box 6   Folder 70
Untitled – 12, undated
Box 6   Folder 71
Untitled – 13, undated
Box 6   Folder 72
Untitled – 14, undated
Box 6   Folder 73
Untitled – 15, undated
Box 6   Folder 74
Untitled – 16, undated
Box 6   Folder 75
Untitled -17, undated

3.3 Computer Storage Disks, 1997-2003, undated.

Box 7   Folder 1
Floppy Disk: “A Gullah Night Before Christmas”, 1997
Box 7   Folder 2
Floppy Disk Bittle & Thing, undated
Box 7   Folder 3
Floppy Disk: Gullah Bibliography, undated
Box 7   Folder 4
Floppy Disk: Gullah Journal and Final Internship Report, undated
Box 7   Folder 5
CD: Gullah/Geechee SRS Draft Report and Appendices, 2003
Box 7   Folder 6
CD: An Introduction to Gullah – Cleveland and the Great Migration Project, undated
Box 7   Folder 7
CD: A Study in the Gullah Language, undated

4. Drawings and Illustrations, 1985-1997, undated .

This series consists of ink and pencil sketches, color drawings and illustrations, drawings and cutouts done by a child and sketches from Geraty’s illustrated children’s book, A Gullah Night Before Christmas.
Box 7   Folder 8
Ink Sketches, 1985-1989, undated
Box 7   Folder 9
Gullah Christmas Sketches, 1997
Box 7   Folder 10
Child’s Drawings and Cutouts, undated
Box 7   Folder 11
Color Drawings and Illustrations, undated
Box 7   Folder 12
Pencil Sketches, undated

5. Porgy, A Gullah Version, 1987-2002, undated.

This series is comprised of ephemera from the production, Porgy, A Gullah Version. It includes flyers, invitations and souvenir booklets; annotated scripts and music from the play; as well as production descriptions, notes, summaries, and a study guide. In addition, the series contains book reviews of Geraty’s translated version of the play and newspaper clippings consisting of play reviews and articles on the production. Cast photographs, stage layouts and scenery drawings, production notes, correspondence, royalty statements and other financial material are also part of the series.
Box 7   Folder 13
Book Jacket Copies, Flyers, Invitations, Play Excerpts, Poetry and Souvenir Booklets, 1927-1993, undated
Box 7   Folder 14
Scripts, 1927 – [1995], undated
Box 7   Folder 15
Spiritual Songs, 1928, undated
Box 7   Folder 16
Production Descriptions, Notes, Summaries, and Study Guide, 1987-1992, undated
Box 7   Folder 17
Book Reviews and Newspaper Clippings, 1989-1991, undated
Box 7   Folder 18
Scrapbook, 1989-1993, undated
Box 7   Folder 19
Correspondence and Royalty Statements, 1990-2004
Box 7   Folder 20
Cast Photographs, 1991
Box 7   Folder 21
Production Budgets, Contributions and Profits, 1991-1995, undated
Box 7   Folder 22
Trident Community Foundation Proposal, 1994
Box 7   Folder 23
Cast and Production Lists - Notes, 1997, undated
Box 7   Folder 24
Set Design, undated

6. Financial and Legal Material, 1979-2004, undated.

Collection Overview

This series includes a business license for Geraty’s company, Gullah Gap; grant program applications and guidelines from DSP and the South Carolina Humanities Council; invoices, agreements, copies of checks including one from actress, Cicely Tyson; tax documents and financial notes; annual statements, as well as royalty statements and reports. The series also contains financial records and legal documents pertaining to Cabbage Row Company Inc.

Box 7   Folder 25
Business License, 1979
Box 7   Folder 26
Grant Applications and Guidelines, 1980-1992, undated
Box 7   Folder 27
Invoices and Statements, 1980-2003, undated
Box 7   Folder 28
Agreements, 1982-2000, undated
Box 7   Folder 29
Agreements (restricted), 1988-1996
Contains personal financial information.
Box 7   Folder 30
Checks, 1983-1988
Box 7   Folder 31
Annual Statements, Paycheck Stub and Tax Document (restricted), 1986-2001
Contains personal financial information.
Box 7   Folder 32
Financial Notes, 1989-1997, undated
Box 7   Folder 33
Royalty Reports and Statements, 1994-2004
Box 7   Folder 34
Price Lists, undated
Box 7   Folder 35
Cabbage Row Company, Inc.: Financial Summary and Statement, Investment Record, Partnership Invoices, Start-up Expenses and Storage Facility Lease Agreement, 1984-2000
Box 7   Folder 36
Cabbage Row Company, Inc.: Articles of Incorporation, By-Laws, Forms, Minutes and Stocks & Transfer Ledger, 1991
Box 7   Folder 37
Cabbage Row Company, Inc.: Partnership Agreement, 1991
Box 7   Folder 38
Cabbage Row Company, Inc.: Performer Agreements (restricted), 1991-1995
Contains personal information.
Box 7   Folder 39
Cabbage Row Company, Inc.: Production Agreements, 1998, undated
Box 7   Folder 40
Cabbage Row Company, Inc.: Tax Documents (restricted), 1996-2002
Contains personal information.
Box 7   Folder 41
Cabbage Row Company, Inc.: Certificate Book, undated

7. Printed Material and Ephemera, 1932-2007, undated.

This series includes magazine and news clippings pertaining to Geraty, her professional accomplishments and published works. Also, part of the series contains clippings on education in schools and for black students, understanding and preserving Gullah culture, letters to the editor and event announcements. In addition, the series encompasses pamphlets flyers, booklets, brochures, scrapbooks and other ephemera collected and created throughout Geraty’s life.

7.1 Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1932-2007, undated.

Box 7   Folder 42
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1932-1980
Box 7   Folder 43
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1981-1988
Box 7   Folder 44
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1989-1990
Box 7   Folder 45
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1991
Box 7   Folder 46
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1992-1993
Box 8   Folder 1
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1995-1998
Box 8   Folder 2
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 1999-2002
Box 8   Folder 3
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 2003
Box 8   Folder 4
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 2004
Box 8   Folder 5
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, 2004-2007
Box 8   Folder 6
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, undated
Box 8   Folder 7
Newspaper and Magazine Clippings, undated

7.2 Ephemera, 1978-2001, undated.

Box 8   Folder 8
Ephemera, 1978-1999, undated
Box 8   Folder 9
Ephemera, 1981-2001, undated
Box 8   Folder 10
Ephemera, 1985-1998, undated
Box 8   Folder 11
Ephemera, 1987-2000, undated

7.3 Scrapbooks, 1978-1987, undated.

Box 8   Folder 12
Scrapbook, 1978-1987
Box 8   Folder 13
Scrapbook, 1978-1987, undated
Box 8   Folder 14
Scrapbook, 1979-1987, undated

8. Correspondence, 1976-2007, undated.

This series is comprised of personal and professional correspondence including letters from the Charleston County Public School system and the State Department of South Carolina regarding her developing a Gullah language curriculum for South Carolina schools; from audience members at her speaking engagements and admirers requesting copies of her literary works. Also included in the series is a letter from White House Staff Assistant, Landon Kite, thanking Geraty on behalf of President and Mrs. Carter for the birthday gift she sent to them. Thank you letters, letters documenting her work with the College of Charleston’s Continuing Education Program, as well as those documenting her study of the Gullah language at academic institutions in the South are also present in the series.
Box 8   Folder 15
Correspondence, 1976-1981
Box 8   Folder 16
Correspondence, 1982-1985
Box 8   Folder 17
Correspondence, 1986-1988
Box 8   Folder 18
Correspondence, 1989-1993
Box 8   Folder 19
Correspondence, 1994-1997
Box 9   Folder 1
Correspondence, 1998-2000, undated
Box 9   Folder 2
Correspondence, 2001-2004, undated
Box 9   Folder 3
Correspondence, 2007, undated

9. General Materials, 1980-2001, undated.

This series contains a resume and biographical information for participants in a professional exchange--cultural exchange program and visitor service program. It is also comprised of various address, phone and to-do lists, as well as maps.
Box 9   Folder 4
General, 1982-1992
Box 9   Folder 5
Lists, 1979-2001, undated
Box 9   Folder 6
Lists, undated
Box 9   Folder 7
Maps, 1997, undated

10. Audio-Visual Material, 1979-2004, undated.

This series is comprised of cassette tapes documenting college lectures, presentations and workshops on Gullah; recordings of Geraty’s publications, Gullah Night Before Christmas, Tenk Gawd for Charleston, and Gullah for Oonuh; as well as of Cabbage Row Company, Inc.’s funding meetings and script readings/dialogue from her production, Porgy, A Gullah Version. The series also consists of VHS tapes, including a home movie of Geraty speaking about the Gullah language from her living room; footage of her reading Gullah stories to children and presenting on Gullah language at Francis Marion College; and videos of externally produced television programs on Gullah from National Geographic Explorer and “Talkback” on WCSC-TV. Additionally, the series includes videotapes of play interviews, practice curtain calls and College of Charleston classroom scenes from Geraty’s Porgy, A Gullah Version; as well as news coverage of her funeral in 2004.

10.1 Cassette Tapes, 1979-1998, undated.

Box 10
Cassette  1
Gullah College Class, Feb – ’79 (Joan Way), 1979
Box 10
Cassette  2
The Christmas Story in Gullah, 1987
Box 10
Cassette  3
Cabbage Row Co. (Meetings for Funds), Nov. ‘90, 1990
Box 10
Cassette  4
Gullah Presentation, Demo – Recorded at Home, 1998
Box 10
Cassette  5
Adverse Effect of the Gullah Language on Today’s School Children, undated
Box 10
Cassette  6
Animal Tales – Albert Stoddard, undated
Box 10
Cassette  7
Language Arts Dept. – (Gullah) CCSDC, Charleston S.C., undated
Box 10
Cassette  8
Gullah Dialect Animal Tales – Albert H. Stoddard, undated
Box 10
Cassette  9
The Charleston – Gullah Connection, undated
Box 10
Cassette  10
Charleston - Gullah - Connect, undated
Box 10
Cassette  11
Side 1: Gullah for You and Side 2: Workshops, undated
Box 10
Cassette  12
Gullah Language Class, undated
Box 10
Cassette  13
Side 1: History of Gullah and Side 2: Tenk Gawd for Charleston, undated
Box 10
Cassette  14
Introduction to Gullah, undated
Box 10
Cassette  15
Play Script for Robbins, undated
Box 10
Cassette  16
Porgy, undated
Box 10
Cassette  17
Porgy Dialog – 30 min., undated
Box 10
Cassette  18
Porgy – Gullah, undated
Box 10
Cassette  19
Porgy Test 11:26, undated
Box 10
Cassette  20
Porgy Test, undated
Box 10
Cassette  21
Presentation Stories, undated
Box 10
Cassette  22
“Spo’t’n Life” – Porgy: A Gullah Version, undated
Box 10
Cassette  23
SCETV = Porgy – 30 min Dialog, undated
Box 10
Cassette  24
Short Charleston - Gullah, undated
Box 10
Cassette  25
Speaking Engagement – G, undated
Box 10
Cassette  26
Work Tape for Gullah Language Presentation, undated
Box 10
Cassette  27
Workshops for Teachers Presentation to Educator, undated
Box 10
Cassette  28
Untitled (White Tape), undated
Box 10
Cassette  29
Untitled (Grey Tape), undated
Box 10
Cassette  30
Alphonso Brown (Porgy), undated
Box 10
Cassette  31
Bessie Williams Simmons, undated
Box 10
Cassette  32
The Body Sings Worship Chorus, Vol. II, undated
Box 10
Cassette  33
Carle Towne presents a Cultural Affair, undated
Box 10
Cassette  34
Clay Rice’s Lowcountry Legends, undated
Box 10
Cassette  35
De Gullah Man Unrabble ‘e Mout’, undated
Box 10
Cassette  36
Health Not Gullah, undated
Box 10
Cassette  37
I Think of You, undated
Box 10
Cassette  38
John Leland, undated
Box 10
Cassette  39
Music, undated
Box 10
Cassette  40
Music - No Intro, undated
Box 10
Cassette  41
Music – Not Gullah, undated
Box 10
Cassette  42
Music No Gullah (Black Tape), undated
Box 10
Cassette  43
Music No Gullah (Transparent Tape), undated
Box 10
Cassette  44
No Gullah – Two Businessmen Thing, undated

10.2 VHS Tapes, circa1980-2004, undated.

Box 11
Cassette  1
Program on Gullah – National Geographic Explorer, 1980s Dafuskie and Penn Center, circa 1980
Box 11
Cassette  2
Short Talk by Geraty in Her Living Room About Gullah Language, 05-24-1988, 1988
Box 11
Cassette  3
Julie Dash’s Daughter of the Dust (Cornell and UMASS), 1991
Box 11
Cassette  4
Play, Interviews, Practice for Curtain Call/ CofC Classes – Virginia Geraty “Porgy, GV Scenes/ Classroom Scenes, 1991
Box 11
Cassette  5
Joe Opala – Talkback WCSC-TV/Charleston, SC (Mar. 16. 1999), 1999
Box 11
Cassette  6
ETV Greater Charleston Live from the Aquarium, Noon-2 p.m. (2004), 2004
Box 11
Cassette  7
News Coverage of Mrs. Geraty’s Funeral w/ Dr. Marvin Dulaney (Fox), 2004
Box 11
Cassette  8
Gullah For You with Virginia Mixson-Geraty, undated
Box 11
Cassette  9
Reading Gullah Stories from Uncle Remus & Joe Chandler Harris to Children at School or Library, undated
Box 11
Cassette  10
CHS Mid-Day News – Spot Coverage of Upcoming Play, Interview – G and LaVonne Griffin with Carolyn Murray, undated
Box 11
Cassette  11
Excellent Presentation by G at Francis Marion College, undated
Box 11
Cassette  12
Reflections of Lowcountry Lifestyles by Joe Pinckney, undated


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Materials containing personal financial information from Series 6 are restricted. Also, 5 ¼ in. floppy disks in series 3.3 are inaccessible.

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Avery Research Center's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Avery Research Center claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item],Virginia M. Geraty Papers, Avery Research Center, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA.

Acquisition Information

Materials were donated by Judith Geraty Hicks, Virginia Geraty Evans, Joyce Massenburg, and Edward Mixson Geraty.

Processing Information

Processed by Ardra Whitney and Aaron Spelbring, April 2014

Edited by Aaron Spelbring, April 2014

Encoded by Aaron Spelbring, April 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

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