Inventory of the Graves Family Papers, 1884 - 2004

Magnifying Glass What is this document?

Descriptive Summary

Abstract: The Graves family of Charleston, South Carolina, was an African American family consisting largely of educators and Avery Institute graduates. James R. B. Graves, Jr. (1883-1969), a Pullman porter and union member of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, married Rose Laura Winds (1890-1978) in 1915. Together, they raised five children: J. Michael, Pauline, Annette, Robert, and Eugene. J. Michael Graves (1915-1996), a Class of 1932 graduate of the Avery Institute, was an educator and musician in the Charleston area. Pauline R. Graves (1917-2002) conducted educational research and taught at Courtenay Middle School. Annette Graves Chambers (died 1983) worked as an educator at Ben Tillman Elementary School. Robert Blackburne Graves graduated from Avery in 1944 and Johnson C. Smith in 1949. The youngest, Eugene Graves, was an educator and sports coach at Bonds-Wilson High School in North Charleston. Eugene coached several athletes that achieved successful sports careers, including Art Shell and Jim Jackson.
The collection includes materials related to the Graves family of Charleston, South Carolina, chiefly James R. B. Graves, his wife Rose L. Graves, and their children J. Michael, Pauline, Annette, Robert, and Eugene. The James R. B. Graves series includes correspondence, photographs, and artifacts chiefly related to his career as a porter with the Pullman Company as well as his association with the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters labor union. The Rose L. Graves series documents her work for the USO and the Charleston Area Civilian Defense Council. The J. Michael Graves series is the largest in the collection. This series includes correspondence, memory books, event programs, and other materials related to his education, teaching career at Avery Normal Institute and Burke High School, membership in the Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity and the Elder Watson Diggs Award, and Charleston area organizations and events. The Annette Graves Chambers' series includes materials related to Annette's education and professional activities. The Robert Blackburne Graves series includes materials related to his education, chiefly at Avery Normal Institute, and his affiliation with Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. The Eugene Graves series includes largely photographs and sports memorabilia related to his coaching career at Bonds-Wilson High School. Materials also relate to Rose's sister Etta Winds Wilson, Etta's husband John T. Wilson, and members of the Winds and Wilson side of the family. Photographs and slides include Graves family members, Avery Institute, Burke High School, Bonds-Wilson High School, and other images. Also included are materials related to the Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture (AIAAHC), clippings related to the Avery Institute and African American heritage, and other materials.
Title: Graves Family Papers, 1884 - 2004
Creator: Graves family.
Repository: Avery Research Center, College of Charleston
Call Number: AMN 1081
Language of Material: Material in English
Extent: 5.5 linear feet
(14 archival boxes)

Biographical Note

The Graves family of Charleston, South Carolina, was an African American family consisting largely of educators and Avery Institute graduates.

James R. B. Graves, Jr. (1883-1969) served as a Pullman porter from December 1911 to November 1953. He retired on December 1, 1953 with 41 years and 11 months of service with the Pullman Company. He also served as president of the Charleston Chapter of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He married Rose Laura Winds (1890-1978) in 1915, and the two raised five children: J. Michael, Pauline, Annette, Robert, and Eugene.

Rose L. Graves, née Winds (1890-1978), was the wife of James R.B. Graves and mother to J. Michael, Pauline, Annette, Robert, and Eugene Graves. She was related to Etta Winds Wilson, who married John T. Wilson in 1944.

J. Michael Graves (1915-1996), a Class of 1932 graduate of the Avery Institute, was an educator and musician in the Charleston area. J. Michael earned a degree in chemistry from Fisk University in 1939. In 1954, he received a master's degree in education from South Carolina State College.

Through the years, he taught at various South Carolina schools, including St. Luke Elementary School in Grover (1936-1937); J. K. Gourdine Elementary and High School in Russelville (1938-1939); Laing High School in Mount Pleasant (1939-1945); and Avery High School (1947-1954) and Burke High School (1954-1970) in Charleston. During his tenure at Burke, J. Michael Graves directed the first Palmetto State Science Fair in 1957 and produced the first National Science Fair winner (W. Delano Meriweather). He influenced science curricula in Charleston and was active in teacher groups. He retired from teaching on June 30, 1982.

J. Michael was an active part of the Charleston community, serving on the board of directors for the Charleston Symphony Orchestra (1969-1980), chartering the Optimist Club of Peninsula Charleston (1982), and sitting on the mayor's Environmental Committee (1990-1993). He was a life member of the NAACP, and sat on the Executive board of the Charleston branch of the NAACP. He was nationally recognized for his work with his fraternity, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., with the Elder W. Diggs Award for Achievement.

Pauline R. Graves (1917-2002) was an educator in Charleston, South Carolina. She graduated from Avery Normal Institute in 1936. She received a Master of Arts degree from Hampton Institute in 1951 and a Master of Science degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1968. She also completed accounting courses at the Southern Business Institute in 1959. She retired from her teaching position at Courtenay Middle School in 1984.

Annette Graves Chambers (died 1983) graduated from Avery Normal School in 1936. She worked as an educator at Ben Tillman Elementary School.

Robert Blackburne Graves graduated from Avery Normal Institute in 1944. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Johnson C. Smith in 1949. He was also a life member of Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.

Eugene G. Graves was a 1947 Avery Normal Institute graduate. He was an African-American educator in Charleston, South Carolina and worked at Bonds-Wilson High School from 1955-1985. At Bonds-Wilson, Graves served as a physical education and health teacher, football and basketball coach, and guidance counselor. Eugene coached several athletes that achieved successful sports careers, including Art Shell and Jim Jackson.

Louise Henrietta Winds Wilson (1907-1995), known as "Etta," was the sister of Rose Winds Graves. Etta married John Thomas Wilson in 1944.

John T. Wilson (1910-1994) earned degrees from Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in 1936, Allen University in 1951, and South Carolina State College in 1956. He served as a master sergeant in the 360th Port Battalion in the United States Army, discharging in 1945. John T. Wilson became principal of the now-defunct Six Mile High School in North Charleston, South Carolina, which was renamed Bonds-Wilson High School to honor John T. Wilson and James R. Bonds.


Collection Overview

The collection includes materials related to the Graves family of Charleston, South Carolina, chiefly James R. B. Graves, his wife Rose L. Graves, and their children J. Michael, Pauline, Annette, Robert, and Eugene. The James R. B. Graves series includes correspondence, photographs, and artifacts chiefly related to his career as a porter with the Pullman Company as well as his association with the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters labor union. The Rose L. Graves series documents her work for the USO (United Service Organizations) and the Charleston Area Civilian Defense Council.

The J. Michael Graves series is the largest in the collection. This series includes correspondence, memory books, and other materials related to his education; teaching certifications and contracts, school programs, and other materials related to his teaching career at Avery Normal Institute and Burke High School; awards and photographs related to the National Science Fair; Pan-Hellenic materials, including nomination packets for the Elder Watson Diggs Award; and graduation announcements, church bulletins, and event programs, chiefly for Charleston area organizations and events.

The Annette Graves Chambers' series includes materials related to Annette's education and professional activities. The Robert Blackburne Graves series includes materials related to his education, chiefly at Avery Normal Institute, and his affliation with Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. The Eugene Graves series includes largely photographs and sports memorabilia related to his coaching career at Bonds-Wilson High School.

Materials also relate to Rose's sister Etta Winds Wilson, Etta's husband John T. Wilson, and members of the Winds and Wilson side of the family.

Photographs and slides include Graves family members, Avery Institute, Burke High School, Bonds-Wilson High School, and other images. Some photograph folders have been cross-listed in relevant series. Also included are materials related to the Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture (AIAAHC), clippings related to the Avery Institute and African American heritage, and other materials.

Collection Arrangement

1. James R. B. Graves, 1918-1954

2. Rose L. Graves, 1911-1946

3. J. Michael Graves, 1927-1998

4. Pauline R. Graves, 1917-1984

5. Annette Graves Chambers, 1930-1983

6. Robert Blackburne Graves, 1942-1974

7. Eugene G. Graves, 1935-2004

8. Etta Winds Wilson and John T. Wilson, 1944-1991

9. Other Family Members, 1884-1948

10. Photographs and Slides, circa 1930s-1990s

11. Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture (AIAAHC), 1981-1993

12. Clippings and Other Materials, 1942-1999



Subject Headings

  • African Americans -- Social conditions.
  • African Americans -- South Carolina -- Charleston.
  • African Americans -- Education -- South Carolina -- History -- 20th century.
  • African American educators -- South Carolina -- Charleston.
  • African American educators -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- Photographs.
  • Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture.
  • Avery Normal Institute -- Alumni and alumnae.
  • Avery Normal Institute -- Photographs.
  • Bonds-Wilson High School (Charleston, S.C.).
  • Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters -- History.
  • Chambers, Annette Graves, d. 1983.
  • Educators -- South Carolina -- Charleston.
  • Graves, Eugene.
  • Graves, J. Michael (James Michael), 1915-1996.
  • Graves, James R. B., 1883-1969.
  • Graves, Pauline.
  • Graves, Robert Blackburne.
  • Graves, Rose L., 1890-1978.
  • High schools -- South Carolina -- Charleston.
  • Porters -- Labor unions -- United States -- History.
  • Public schools -- South Carolina -- History -- 20th century.
  • Pullman Company -- History
  • Pullman porters -- United States -- History
  • Pullman porters -- Photographs.
  • Wilson, Etta Winds, 1907-1995.
  • Wilson, John T., 1910-1994.


Separated Material

Yearbooks from Bonds-Wilson High School (1972-1976, 1979, and 1982) and South Carolina State College (1974 and 1984) have been removed from the Eugene Graves series and placed in the Avery Yearbook Collection.

Special Formats

Audiocassettes (1081-CAS/1-5)

Image Folders (1081-IFO/1-22)

Scrapbook (1081-SCR/1)

Detailed Description of the Collection

1. James R. B. Graves, 1918-1954.

James R. B. Graves, Jr. (1883-1969) served as a Pullman porter from December 1911 to November 1953. He retired on December 1, 1953 with 41 years and 11 months of service with the Pullman Company. He also served as president of the Charleston Chapter of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. He married Rose Laura Winds (1890-1978) in 1915, and the two raised five children: J. Michael, Pauline, Annette, Robert, and Eugene.

The series includes materials related to James R.B. Graves' career as a porter with the Pullman Company as well as his association with the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters labor union.

1.1. Military Service, 1918.

Box 1   Folder 1
War Department: Classification, 1918

1.2. The Pullman Company, 1919-1958.

Box 1   Folder 2
Company Correspondence and Materials Related to James R.B. Graves, 1919-1954
Includes official company correspondence as well as materials related to James R.B. Graves' employment with the Pullman Company and eventual retirement in 1953. Also includes newspaper clipping on James R.B. Graves' retirement.
Box 1   Folder 3
Pamphlets, 1924-1958
Includes Plan of Employee Representation for District Employees, 1924; Stock Purchase Plan for Employees, 1926; Sanitary Regulations, 1930; Group Insurance Plan for Agreement Employees, 1958.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IMG/1
Photographs, undated
Includes one photograph of Pullman Porters James R.B. Graves and Mr. Bell in Chicago and one photograph of James R.B. Graves with passengers.
Box 1   Museum Item 1081-MUS/1
Porter Brush of James R.B. Graves
Box 1   Folder 4
Pullman Porters Benefit Association of America: Membership Documents, Constitution and By-Laws, 1921-1932

1.3. Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, 1940-1950.

Box 1   Folder 5
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters: Convention Proceedings, 1940-1950
Box 1   Folder 6-10
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters: Correspondence, 1941-1947
Includes letters from A. Phillip Randolph as international president of the labor union; materials regarding the local Charleston Chapter of the Brotherhood, of which James R.B. Graves served as president; and other materials. Topics include organizational issues, release time, collective bargaining power, and efforts of the Workers Defense League to save sharecropper Odell Waller.

2. Rose L. Graves, 1911-1946.

Rose L. Graves, née Winds (1890-1978), was the wife of James R.B. Graves and mother to J. Michael, Pauline, Annette, Robert, and Eugene Graves. She was related to Etta Winds Wilson, who married John T. Wilson in 1944.

The series includes materials related to Rose L. Graves' work for the United Service Organizations (USO) and the Charleston Area Civilian Defense Council.
   Oversize Paper Folder 1081-OPF/1
Avery Institute: Diploma, 1911
Box 1   Folder 11
War Work, 1943-1946
Includes certificates, identification and hostess cards, correspondence, and other materials related to Rose L. Graves' work for the United Service Organizations (USO) and the Charleston Area Civilian Defense Council.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IMG/2
Photograph Postcard, undated

3. J. Michael Graves, 1927-1998.

J. Michael Graves (1915-1996), a Class of 1932 graduate of the Avery Institute, was an educator and musician in the Charleston area. From 1936 to 1937, he served as a teaching principal at St. Luke Elementary School in Grover, South Carolina. From 1938 to 1939, he taught sixth grade and served as choral director at J. K. Gourdine Elementary and High School in Russelville. J. Michael earned a degree in chemistry from Fisk University in 1939.

From 1939 to 1945, J. Michael taught and held a position as teaching principal at Laing High School in Mount Pleasant. In 1947, he returned to Avery High School, where he held a teaching position through 1954. At Avery, he was the accompanist to the choir and adviser to the Science Club. In 1954, he received a master's degree in education from South Carolina State College.

From 1954 to 1970, J. Michael taught science at Burke High School and became chair of the Science Department from 1960 to 1970. At Burke, he also advised the Science Club and accompanied the choir. During his tenure at Burke, J. Michael Graves directed the first Palmetto State Science Fair in 1957 and produced the first National Science Fair winner (W. Delano Meriweather).

In 1970, J. Michael received the High School Chemistry Teacher of the Year award from the South Carolina CHapter of the American Chemical Society. That same year, he accepted position as Assistant Director of Science for Charleston County Schools. In 1974, he was promoted to Coordinator for Natural Sciences for the school district. He was active in the Charleston area educational sector, serving as president for the City Council of Charleston Teachers (1969-1970), Charleston County Education Association (1973-1974), and SCEA County Presidents Association (1974-1975). He worked on educational standards in several capacities, including co-developer of the district science curricula, which were adopted in 1982. He retired from teaching on June 30, 1982.

J. Michael was an active part of the Charleston community, serving on the board of directors for the Charleston Symphony Orchestra (1969-1980), chartering the Optimist Club of Peninsula Charleston (1982), and sitting on the mayor's Environmental Committee (1990-1993). He wasa life member of the NAACP, and sat on the Executive board of the Charleston branch of the NAACP. He was nationally recognized for his work with his fraternity, Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., with the Elder W. Diggs Award for Achievement.

J. Michael Graves died in 1996.

The series includes correspondence, memory books, and other materials related to J. Michael Graves' education; teaching certifications and contracts, school programs, and other materials related to his teaching career at Avery Normal Institute and Burke High School; awards and photographs related to the National Science Fair; Pan-Hellenic materials, including nomination packets for the Elder Watson Diggs Award; and graduation announcements, church bulletins, and event programs, chiefly for Charleston area organizations and events.

3.1. Biographical Materials, 1920s-1995.

Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IMG/3
Childhood Photograph, circa 1920s
Box 2   Folder 12
Professional Vitae and Funeral Announcement
Box 2   Folder 13
Military Service - Separation and Honorable Discharge, 1946

3.2. Correspondence, 1942-1991.

Box 2   Folder 14
Correspondence, 1942-1991
Includes letters related to the Avery Institute, Benjamin F. Cox Scholarship, College of Charleston, classroom teaching, Judge H. Carl Moultrie, and Art Shell.
Box 2   Folder 15
Correspondence: Cards, Reunion Invitations, and Commencement Announcements, 1951-1987

3.3. Education, 1927-1991.

Box 2   Folder 16
The News Outline: An Elementary Current Events Lesson Weekly, 1927-1928
Includes printed sections of The News Outline; newspaper clippings; and lessons and commentary written by J. Michael Graves.
Box 2   Folder 17
Avery Institute: Graduation and Reunion Materials, 1930-1982
Box 2   Folder 18
Avery Institute: Memory Book, 1930-1932
Includes an autograph book with messages from 1932, when J. Michael Graves attended Avery as a student.
Box 2   Folder 18
Avery Institute: Memory Book, 1932-1941
Includes a memory book that contains messages and photographs from 1932, when J. Michael Graves attended Avery as a student as well as messages from students of J. Michael Graves when he taught at Avery in 1941.
Box 2   Folder 19
Fisk University: Graduation Program and Note from J. Michael Graves, 1936
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/3a
Fisk University, 1930s and undated
Includes photographs of Ray Francis Brown; Ethel Bedient Gilbert; Fisk University Choir, circa 1930; and an undated photograph of the Golden Sons and Daughters Alumni Association.
Box 2   Folder 20
Fisk University: Correspondence, 1988-1989
Includes correspondence related to the Fisk University Alumni Annual Fund and other General Alumni Association matters.
Box 2   Folder 21
Fisk University: Fisk News, 1961-1966
Box 3   Folder 22
Fisk University: Fisk News, 1985-1997
Box 3   Folder 23
Fisk University: General Alumni Association, Reunion, and Other Materials, 1977-1989
Box 3   Folder 24
Fisk University: General Alumni Association Awards, 1989-1991
Certificate: Membership, The Society of the Golden Sons and Daughters, 1989
Plaque, Lifetime Member of General Alumni Association, 1991
Box 3   Folder 25
South Carolina State University: Diploma, 1955

3.4. Professional Activities, 1932-1989.

Box 3   Folder 26
Teaching Certifications, Contracts, and Other Materials, 1947-1953 and 1982
Includes teaching certification, 1939; teacher's contracts, 1947-1953; score explanations for National Teacher Examination, 1952; retirement information, 1982; and other materials.
Box 3   Folder 27
Autograph Book, 1939-1954
Includes a wooden autograph book with a cover marked "Fisk University '39" that contains notes from students at Laing School, 1942, and notes from acquaintances and colleagues, 1943 to 1954.
Box 2   Folder 18
Avery Institute: Memory Book, 1932-1941
Includes a memory book that contains messages and photographs from 1932, when J. Michael Graves attended Avery as a student as well as messages from students of J. Michael Graves when he taught at Avery in 1941.
Box 3   Folder 28
Avery Institute, 1953-1954
Includes two graduation invitations and a June 1953 issue of the Avery Tiger.
Box 3   Folder 29-31
Burke High School: Concerts, Plays, Reunions, and Other Events, 1954-1989
Includes programs from productions of the Dramatic Guild and Music Department; reunion programs; alumni directories; memorial services; and other materials related to Burke High School and J. Michael Graves' time as a teacher there.
Box 4   Folder 32
Burke High School: National Science Fair, 1959-1964
Includes award certificates and photographs related to the National Science Fair.
Box 4   Folder 33
Burke High School: Science Department Self-Study, 1968-1969
Includes self-study of the science department, of which J. Michael Graves was the chair during the school term 1968-1969.
Box 4   Folder 34
Burke High School: The Parvenue, December 1958 to February 1971
Includes intermittent issues of Burke High School's newspaper, The Parvenue.
Box 4   Folder 35
Central Council of Charleston Teachers, 1967-1969
Includes constitution and by-laws, 1967, and financial reports, 1967-1969, and other materials.
   Scrapbook 1081-SCR/1
Central Council of Charleston Teachers, District #20 Scrapbook, 1968-1969

3.5. Pan-Hellenic Involvement, 1934-1995.

Box 4   Folder 36
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc., 1963-1982
Box 4   Folder 37
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., 1975-1988
Box 4   Folder 38
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., 1934-1996
Includes materials related to J. Michael Graves' involvement with the Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.
Box 4   Folder 39
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.: Elder Watson Diggs Award, Charleston Chapter Nomination, 1995
Box 4   Folder 40
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.: Elder Watson Diggs Award, Southeastern Province Nomination, 1995
Box 4   Folder 41
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.: Elder Watson Diggs Award, J. Michael Graves as Recipient, 1995
Includes laminated program and photograph book pages containing color photographs of the award reception and related materials.
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.: Audiocassettes, 1983
   Audiocassette 1081-CAS/1
John Jacobs, President of the National Urban League
   Audiocassette 1081-CAS/2
Judge Alcee Hastings
   Audiocassette 1081-CAS/3
Aaron Addrow-Pierson
Box 4   Folder 42
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc., 1962-1984
Box 4   Folder 43
Pan-Hellenic Council of Charleston, 1940-1990
Box 4   Folder 44
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc., 1975-1982

3.6. Programs, 1941-1996.

Box 5   Folder 45
Avery-Related Materials, 1941-1984
Includes programs from concerts, commencements, and reunion events related to Avery Normal Institute and Avery High School. Also includes materials related to the Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture.
Box 5   Folder 46
Charles A. Brown High School: Concerts and Theater Productions, 1963-1970
Box 5   Folder 47
Charleston Chapter of Links, Inc., 1976-1995
Box 5   Folder 48
Charleston Interracial Committee, 1953-1954
Box 5   Folder 49
Colleges and Universities: Commencements, 1949-1984
Box 5   Folder 50
Colleges and Universities: Musical Performances, 1954-1987
Box 5   Folder 51
Funeral Services, 1964-1996
Box 5   Folder 52
Hampton Institute: Choir and Dance Performances, 1963-1989
Box 5   Folder 53
K-12: Musical and Theatrical Performances, 1956-1987
Includes chiefly programs from school productions in the Charleston area.
Box 5   Folder 54
K-12: Non-Musical, 1963-1980
Box 5   Folder 55
Miscellaneous Events and Other Activities, 1945-1998
Box 5   Folder 56
Musical Productions and the Arts, 1950-1987 and undated
Box 6   Folder 57
NAACP and Related Materials, 1976-1994
Box 6   Folder 58
Piccolo Spoleto Festival, 1977-1989
Box 6   Folder 59
Religious: Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church, 1938-1988
Includes programs related to church services, musical performances especially by J. Michael Graves and the Mt. Zion Male Chorus, and newspaper clippings related to the Mt. Zion Spiritual Singers.
Box 6   Folder 60-61
Religious: Various Churches, 1942-1990
Includes programs from various churches in Charleston, South Carolina and elsewhere.
Box 6   Folder 62
Theatrical Productions, 1953-1990
Box 6   Folder 63
Tributes and Banquets, 1954-1988
Box 6   Folder 64
Weddings, 1969-1987

3.7. Audiocassettes, circa 1975-1985.

   Audiocassette 1081-CAS/4
Class of 1932 Banquet, circa 1975-1985
Includes celebration of J. Michael Graves.
   Audiocassette 1081-CAS/5
Oral History Interview: J. Michael Graves, March 7, 1985
Box 6   Folder 65
Speeches by J. Michael Graves and Others, 1994-1996 and undated
Includes commencement addresses given at Burke High School and "Eugene Clay Hunt [The Early Years]."
Box 6   Folder 66
Tribute by Charleston Branch NAACP, 1996

4. Pauline R. Graves, 1917-1984.

Pauline R. Graves (1917-2002) was an educator in Charleston, South Carolina. She graduated from Avery Normal Institute in 1936. She received a Master of Arts degree from Hampton Institute in 1951 and a Master of Science degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1968. She also completed accounting courses at the Southern Business Institute in 1959. She retired from her teaching position at Courtenay Middle School in 1984.

The series includes materials related to Pauline R. Graves' education and career as an educator.

4.1. Biographical Materials, 1917.

Box 7   Folder 67
Birth Certificate, 1917

4.2. Education, 1936-1968.

Box 6   Folder 68
Avery Institute: The Girl Graduate's Journal, 1936
Includes notes from teachers and classmates, descriptions of social events, photographs of classmates, and other notes about the class.
Box 6   Folder 69
Avery Institute: Correspondence, 1946
Includes letter to Pauline Graves from Hattie Desboine regarding corrections made to Graves' transcript.
Box 6   Folder 70
Burke Industrial School: Grade Report, 1940
Box 6   Folder 71
Correspondence: Research, 1950
Includes letter to Pauline Graves from May Tangen of the Education Library at State University of Iowa, regarding inquiry made by Graves for studies on cumulative records in the elementary school.
Box 6   Folder 72
Hampton Institute: Dissertation, "Formulation and Use of a Cumulative Record System as an Aid in Instruction in Negro Elementary Schools Charleston, South Carolina," 1951
Box 6   Folder 73
Hampton Institute: Diploma, 1951
Box 6   Folder 74
University of Wisconsin: Transcripts, 1958
Box 6   Folder 75
University of Wisconsin: Seminar Report, "A Remedial Approach to the Development of Language in Educable Mentally Retarded Children," 1967
Box 6   Folder 76
University of Wisconsin: Diploma, 1968
Box 6   Folder 77
Southeastern Business Institute: Certificate, 1959
Includes certificate of credit for the completion of the first year at Southeastern Business Institute's College of Accounting as well as program for commencement.

4.3. Professional Activities, 1980-1984.

Box 6   Folder 79
Courtenay Middle School: Retirement Award, 1984
Box 6   Folder 80
Pamphlet: "Black Charleston in Slavery and Freedom: A Pictorial History from Colonial Times to the Present," circa 1980

5. Annette Graves Chambers, 1930-1983.

Annette Graves Chambers (died 1983) graduated from Avery Normal School in 1936. She worked as an educator at Ben Tillman Elementary School.

The series includes materials related to Annette Graves Chambers' education and professional activities.

5.1. Education, 1930-1949.

Box 8   Folder 81
Avery Institute: Grade Reports, 1930-1931, 1933-1938
Box 8   Folder 82
Avery Institute: Salutatorian's Address - "Peace the Realization of an Ideal" by Annette Graves, 1937
Box 8   Folder 83
Avery Institute: High School Diploma and Related Materials, 1937-1938
Includes diploma, booklet with signatures of classmates, and a commencement exercise program.
Box 8   Folder 84
Avery Institute: The Girl Graduate's Journal, 1937
Includes notes from teachers and classmates, descriptions of social events, photographs of classmates, ephemera, and other miscellaneous notes about the class.
Box 8   Folder 85
Hampton Institute: Diploma and Convocation Program, 1949

5.2. Professional Activities, 1965-1983.

Box 8   Folder 86-88
Ben Tillman Elementary School: Scrapbook, 1969-1983
Includes photographs, biography, numerous letters of recommendation to the Teacher of the Year Committee, awards and recognitions.
Box 8   Folder 89
Girl Scout Plantation: Plaque, 1965
Includes photocopy of plaque with photograph and list of staff that had been handwritten on back.

5.3. Other Materials, 1959 and undated.

Box 8   Folder 90
Program: Kappa Kowboy Kavalcade, 1959
Includes performances by Eugene and Gertrude Graves and Robert and Minnie Graves.
Box 12   Folder 1081-IFO/4
Photograph: Annette Graves, undated

6. Robert Blackburne Graves, 1942-1974.

Robert Blackburne Graves graduated from Avery Normal Institute in 1944. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Johnson C. Smith in 1949. He was also a life member of Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.

The series includes materials related to Robert Blackburne Graves' education, chiefly at Avery Normal Institute, and his affliation with Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.

6.1. Education, 1944-1949.

Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/5
Avery Basketball Team, 1944
Basketball marked "Champs 1944." Caption: City, state and national. Front row L-R: Assistant coach "Smoke" Walker, Lewis Holman, Edward Prioleau, Martin Iracks, Robert Graves, and Coach Earl Claiborn. Second Row L-R: George Heyward, Reggie Lee, Carl Anderson, William Mildleton, and William Greene.
Box 9   Folder 91
Avery Institute: School Days and Dates Memory Book, 1944
Includes notes from classmates and honor award from basketball team.
Box 9   Folder 92
Avery Institute: Graduation Announcement, 1944
Box 9   Folder 93
Avery Institute: High School Diploma, 1944
Box 9   Folder 94
Johnson C. Smith University: Diploma, 1949

6.2. Pan-Hellenic Involvement, 1974.

Box 9   Folder 95
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., Grand Chapter: Life Membership Award, 1974
Box 9   Folder 96
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., Charleston Alumni Chapter: Certificate of Recognition, 1974

7. Eugene G. Graves, 1935-2004.

Eugene G. Graves was 1947 Avery Normal Institute graduate. He was an African-American educator in Charleston, South Carolina and worked at Bonds-Wilson High School from 1955-1985. At Bonds-Wilson, Graves served as a physical education and health teacher, football and basketball coach, and guidance counselor. Eugene coached several athletes that achieved successful sports careers, including Art Shell and Jim Jackson.

The series includes largely photographs and sports memorabilia related to his coaching career at Bonds-Wilson High School.

7.1. Education, 1935-1947.

Box 10   Folder 97
Avery Institute: Grade Reports, 1935-1936, 1938-1947
Box 10   Folder 98
Avery Institute: Graduation Announcement, 1947

7.2. Professional Activities, 1958-2004.

Bonds-Wilson High School: Coaching
Box 10   Folder 99
Homecoming Souvenir Programs, Patches, and Other Materials, 1967- 1969
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/6-7
Athletics Photographs, 1958-1961, 1966-1967, 1970
Includes photographs of football, men and women's basketball, physical education class, and Jim Jackson.
Bonds-Wilson High School: James "Jim" Jackson
Box 10   Folder 100
Correspondence, 1963 and 1965
Box 10   Folder 101
Sports Programs, 1960-1968
Includes A. & T. Aggies Basketball Dope Book, CIAA Basket Ball Tournament, Scranton Minors vs. Wilkes-Barre Barons depicting Jim Jackson as Most Valuable Player, and the New York Harlem Astronauts.
Box 10   Folder 102
Newspaper Clippings, 1963-2000
Bonds-Wilson High School: Art Shell
Box 10   Folder 103
The Art Shell Day Activities Program (Autographed), 1978
Box 10   Folder 104
Newspaper Clippings, 1966-2004
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/8
Autographed Photograph of Art Shell, undated
Box 10   Folder 105
Bonds-Wilson High School: Newspaper Clippings, 1950-1998
Includes clippings from student newspapers, Six Mile High School The Eagle, The Bonds-Wilson Star, as well as others. Topics include basketball championship, Graves' retirement from Bonds-Wilson, drive dedication, and other articles regarding students.

8. Etta Winds Wilson and John T. Wilson, 1944-1991.

Louise Henrietta Winds Wilson (1907-1995), known as "Etta," was the sister of Rose Winds Graves. Etta married John Thomas Wilson (1910-1994) in 1944.

John T. Wilson earned degrees from Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in 1936, Allen University in 1951, and South Carolina State College in 1956. He served as a master sergeant in the 360th Port Battalion in the United States Army, discharging in 1945. John T. Wilson became principal of the now-defunct Six Mile High School in North Charleston, South Carolina, which was renamed Bonds-Wilson High School to honor John T. Wilson and James R. Bonds.

The series includes materials related to the education, careers, and marriage of Etta Winds Wilson and John T. Wilson.

8.1. Etta Winds Wilson, 1927.

Box 11   Folder 106
Avery Institute: My Book of School Days by Henrietta Winds, 1927
Includes notes from classmates, descriptions of social events, photographs, and other misc. notes about the class.
Box 11   Folder 107
Avery Institute: Graduation Announcement, 1927

8.2. Etta Winds Wilson and John T. Wilson, 1944 and undated.

Box 11   Folder 109
Marriage Certificate, 1944
Box 11   Folder 110
Loose Photograph Scrapbook Pages, undated
Includes photographs of John T. Wilson as soldier and educator and of Etta Winds Wilson as educator for Liberty-Hill Elementary School.

8.3. John T. Wilson, 1936-1985.

Box 11   Folder 111
Diplomas, 1936-1956
Includes diplomas from Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (1936), Allen University (1951), and South Carolina State College (1956).
Box 11   Folder 112
United States Army Honorable Discharge, 1945
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/9
Photographs: John T. Wilson, 1946-1954
Includes black-and-white photographs depicting the 360th Port Battalion in Sasebo, Kyushu, Japan; John T. Wilson as Bonds-Wilson Principal; 1954 Tuskegee Regional Principal Workshop; and negatives.
Box 11   Folder 113
Bonds-Wilson High School - Programs and Alma Mater, 1963, 1981, 1985
Includes concert and assembly programs as well as copies of the alma mater during John T. Wilson's tenure as principal and later.
Box 11   Folder 114
City of North Charleston Housing Authority: Certificate of Recognition, 1972
Box 11   Folder 115
Notary Public: Commission, 1983 and 1991

9. Other Family Members, 1884-1948.

Includes materials of various relatives connected to the Graves family, chiefly through the Winds and Wilson side of the family.
Box 11   Folder 116
Winds and Wilson Family Members
Laura Gilbert and Michael Wynn: Marriage Certificate, 1884
Laura Gilbert Winds: Mortgage, 1906
Martha Levinia Winds: Avery Normal Institute Graduation Announcement, 1906
Martha L. Winds: Death Announcement, 1948
Alphonzo Wilson: Image Clipping, undated
W.Z. Wilson, Jr.: Image Clipping, undated
Box 11   Folder 117
Other Family Members
Annette G. Heyward: Postcard, 1907
Book of Family Birthdays, undated
Due to the poor condition of the original book, photocopies of the cover and only those original pages that contain annotations, chiefly family members' birthdays, have been retained.

10. Photographs and Slides, circa 1930s-1990s.

Some folders have been cross-listed in relevant series.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/1
James R.B. Graves: The Pullman Company Photographs, undated
Includes one photograph of Pullman Porters James R.B. Graves and Mr. Bell in Chicago and one photograph of James R.B. Graves with passengers.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/2
Rose L. Graves: Photograph Postcard, undated
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/3
J. Michael Graves: Childhood Photograph, circa 1920s
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/3a
J. Michael Graves: Fisk University, 1930s and undated
Includes photographs of Ray Francis Brown; Ethel Bedient Gilbert; Fisk University Choir, circa 1930; and an undated photograph of the Golden Sons and Daughters Alumni Association.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/4
Annette Graves Chambers: Portrait, undated
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/5
Robert Graves: Avery Basketball Team, 1944
Basketball marked "Champs 1944." Caption: City, state and national. Front Row, Left to Right: Assistant coach "Smoke" Walker, Lewis Holman, Edward Prioleau, Martin Iracks, Robert Graves, and Coach Earl Claiborn. Second Row, Left to Right: George Heyward, Reggie Lee, Carl Anderson, William Mildleton, and William Greene.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/6-7
Eugene Graves: Bonds-Wilson High School Athletics, 1958-1961, 1966-1967, 1970
Includes photographs of football, men and women's basketball, physical education class, and Jim Jackson.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/8
Eugene Graves: Autographed Photograph of Art Shell, undated
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/9
Photographs: John T. Wilson, 1946-1954
Includes black-and-white photographs depicting the 360th Port Battalion in Sasebo, Kyushu, Japan; John T. Wilson as Bonds-Wilson Principal; 1954 Tuskegee Regional Principal Workshop; and negatives.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/10
Other Family Members
Includes one undated photograph of Tom Winns of Georgetown, uncle of Michael Winns. Tom Winns was given as a gift to work as a gardener and was taken to Germany where he was placed in a cage and transported to places there to be shown. Also includes one undated photograph of Michael Winns, father of Rose L. Graves.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/11
Avery Institute, circa 1950s and 1980s
Includes black-and-white photographs of Avery school yard, buildings, students, and graduation circa 1950. Also includes a color photograph of J. Michael Graves at the Class of '32 Reunion.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/12
Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture (AIAAHC): Civil Rights Tour, 1994
Includes photographs taken in Selma, Montgomery, Birmingham, and Tuskegee, Alabama as well as Atlanta, Georgia.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/13
Bonds-Wilson High School, undated
Includes chiefly group portraits, especially cap-and-gown.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/14
Pan-Hellenic Group Portraits, circa 1960 and 1990
Includes group photographs of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc., circa 1960, and Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., circa 1990.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/15
Mahlon T. Puryear: Portrait, circa 1950s
Includes promotional head shot of Mahlon T. Puryear, director of the Southern Field Division of the National Urban League.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/16
School Faculty, circa 1960 and 1978
Includes group portrait of Liberty Hill Elementary School faculty, circa 1960, and photographs from a teacher's workshop, circa 1978.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/17
Photographs from Album, 1937-1939
Includes photographs of the Avery schoolyard, 1937, and Sullivan's Island, 1939. Also includes photograph records that detail subjects, locations, and photographer of images.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/18
Unidentified Photographs
Includes assorted scenes and people.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/19
Negatives, 1950s
Includes photographic negatives of images of Avery, Burke, and Bonds-Wilson High Schools.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/20
Slides: Education, circa 1960s
Included images of classroom scenes and a 1967 science seminar.
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/21
Slides: Parade, undated
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFO/22
Slides: Reunion
Box 12   Image Folder 1081-IFo/23
Postcards and Bible Lesson Picture Cards

11. Avery Institute of Afro-American History and Culture (AIAAHC), 1981-1993.

...
   Museum Item 1081-MUS/2-5
Avery Banners, 1937 and undated
Box 13   Folder 118
Constitution, By-Laws, and Mission: 1988
Includes recommendations and discussion notes.
Box 13   Folder 119
Founding: History, undated
Includes articles and notes regarding the first administration and the founding of AIAAHC.
Box 13   Folder 120
Business and Administration, 1987-1991
Includes duties and responsibilities for various positions.
Box 13   Folder 121
Board of Advisors: Minutes and Agendas, 1988-1991
Box 13   Folder 122
Correspondence: J. Michael Graves, 1989
Box 13   Folder 123
Correspondence: Board of Advisors and Trustee Memorandums, 1987-1989
Box 13   Folder 124
Financial: Reports, Receipts, and Other Materials, 1985 and 1988-1991
Includes fund raising portfolio, financial reports, request for payment, and receipts.
Box 13   Folder 125
Financial: Account Ledger, 1984-1991
Box 13   Folder 
Lecture/Conference Material, 1985-1989
Includes flyers and schedules as well as materials for the Planning and Organization Retreat, 1986-1986.
Box 13   Folder 127
Newsletters: "The Bulletin," 1981-1990 and 1993

12. Clippings and Other Materials, 1942-1999.

Box 14   Folder 128
Avery Institute, 1982-1995 and undated
Includes articles regarding Benjamin Cox and the Benjamin Cox Scholarship sponsored by the Avery Class of 1932; Samuel "Lonnie" Simmons' memorial service; and Charleston tourism involving black history and genealogical research.
Box 14   Folder 129
African-American Heritage, 1991-1999
Includes magazine articles and other materials regarding the Old Slave Mart Museum in Charleston, the African American Heritage Guide to New Jersey, and an art exhibition in Georgia.
Box 14   Folder 130
Charleston Heritage, 1970 and 1996
Includes Our Charleston, 1670-1970 by the Junior Legaue and a magazine article about visiting Charleston.
Box 14   Folder 131
Miscellaneous, 1942-1996
Includes clippings sent to Mrs. James Grave. Publications represented include The Reporter, The Afro Society Newsletter, and The Chronicle. Topics include the slave ship Amistad, the Harlestons of Charleston, and Bob Moses's Algebra Project.
Box 14   Folder 132
Assorted Materials, 1902-
Includes 1902 receipt for bicycle, 1951 Hampton Institute social club program, religious materials, and other materials.
   Museum Item 1081-MUS/6
Sash: "America's First Memorial Day"


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Avery Research Center's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Avery Research Center claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Graves Family Papers, Avery Research Center, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA.

Acquisitions Information

Received from J. Michael Graves in October 1988 and from Eugene Graves in July 1997, February 1998, and August 2004.

Processing Information

Processed by Melissa Bronheim and Amanda Ross, September 2009

Encoded by Amanda Ross, September 2009

Edited by Amanda Ross, November 2009

Funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources supported the collection processing and encoding of this finding aid.

 

 

 

 

 

 

-