Inventory of the James Logan Scrapbooks, 1896 - 1961

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Descriptive Summary

Abstract: James Raymond Logan (1874-1958) was the first native Charlestonian to receive a civil service appointment for work at the Charleston Navy Yard, and was the first African American appointee. Logan also directed Logan's Military Band and the choirs of Calvary Protestant Episcopal Church and Zion Presbyterian Church.
This collection includes newspaper clippings, programs, photographs and correspondence that originally comprised two scrapbooks (now disbound) created by James Raymond Logan. The materials document the personal and professional life of Logan as well as achievements of African Americans, racial issues, politics, music, and the church, particularly in the Charleston area of South Carolina. The collection contains numerous newspaper clippings regarding life at the Charleston Navy Shipyard. Other newspaper clippings include information regarding events taking place in the city of Charleston and in other cities in South Carolina. In addition, there are newspaper clippings about events, especially political, impacting on life in South Carolina, other southern states, and the nation. The collection also contain programs, largely musical in nature; correspondence such as invitations, letters of appreciation, and notices of meetings; articles revealing the achievements of African Americans in professions, especially in sports, music, and the field of invention; articles on the plight of the African Americans, on religion and the church, and on Logan as a participant in clubs and lodges. Also included are speeches made by Logan at social events as well as those delivered by his colleagues.
Title: James Logan Scrapbooks, 1896 - 1961
Creator: Logan, James Reginald, 1874-1958.
Repository: Avery Research Center at the College of Charleston
Call Number: AMN 1010
Language of Material: Material in English
Extent: 0.75 linear feet
(2 archival boxes)

Biographical Note

James Raymond Logan was born on Coming Street in Charleston, South Carolina on March 2, 1874. Logan came from a family of musicians and directed Logan's Military Band and the choirs of Calvary Protestant Episcopal Church and Zion Presbyterian Church. He married Martha Singleton Besard.

Logan began working at the Charleston Navy Shipyard in 1902 and served for more than forty years. He was the first native Charlestonian to receive a civil service appointment for work at the yard, the first African American appointee, the first messenger at the Navy yard, and the first head blueprint and Photostat operator.

James Logan died on March 16, 1958.


Collection Overview

This collection includes newspaper clippings, programs, photographs and correspondence that originally comprised two scrapbooks (now disbound) created by James Raymond Logan. The materials document the personal and professional life of Logan as well as achievements of African Americans, racial issues, politics, music, and the church, particularly in the Charleston area of South Carolina.

The collection contains numerous newspaper clippings regarding life at the Charleston Navy Shipyard. Other newspaper clippings include information regarding events taking place in the city of Charleston and in other cities in South Carolina. In addition, there are newspaper clippings about events, especially political, impacting on life in South Carolina, other southern states, and the nation.

The collection also contain programs, largely musical in nature; correspondence such as invitations, letters of appreciation, and notices of meetings; articles revealing the achievements of African Americans in professions, especially in sports, music, and the field of invention; articles on the plight of the African Americans, on religion and the church, and on Logan as a participant in clubs and lodges.

Also included are speeches made by Logan at social events as well as his colleagues. Papers about science and life, Thomas Edison, Theodore Roosevelt, and Rockefeller's life are included in the scrapbooks as well.

Collection Arrangement

1. Personal and Family Documents, 1899-1958

2. Correspondence, 1896-1955

3. Affiliations and Organizations, 1900-1937

4. Education and Schools, 1889-1937

5. Church and Religion, 1910-1937

6. Music, 1897-1938

7. Speeches and Writings, 1906-1937

8. Miscellaneous Material, 1914-1951

9. Photographs, 1910-1944

10. Clippings and Articles, circa 1900s-1961



Subject Headings

  • African American band directors -- South Carolina -- Charleston.
  • African American musicians -- South Carolina -- Charleston.
  • African Americans -- Social conditions.
  • African Americans -- South Carolina -- Charleston.
  • Band directors -- South Carolina -- Charleston.
  • Charleston Naval Shipyard -- History.
  • Logan, James Reginald, 1874-1958.
  • Musicians -- South Carolina -- Charleston.


Detailed Description of the Collection

1. Personal and Family Documents, 1899-1958.

Box 1   Folder 1
Anna Logan: Grammar School Award Certificates, 1899
Includes grammar school award certificates for Anna Logan.
Box 1   Folder 1
James Logan: Subpeona, 1914, and Estate Correspondence, 1958

2. Correspondence, 1896-1955.

Box 1   Folder 2
Letters to James Logan While Traveling, 1896-1898
Of note is a letter from Charleston attorney Alonzo Twine updating Logan on the current politics of the city and state with even some mention of national and international politics. Twine questions Logan about Reverend Daniel Jenkins and the "boys."
Box 1   Folder 3
Letters to James Logan, 1904-1908
Includes letters from attorneys Julius Mitchell (of Newport, Rhode Island) and Alonzo Twine, discussing music, race, and Logan's talent. Also, a condolence letter from attorney E.R. Hayne to Mrs. Logan (Miss Beattie) on the death of Peter.
Box 1   Folder 4
Letters to James Logan, 1915-1937
Includes correspondence from Edward Mickey thanking Logan for the success of a recital. Also, letter and poem from J. A. Gadsden stationed in France, describing his experience in the 371st Infantry.
Box 1   Folder 5
Letters to Margaret Poinsette, 1940-1955

3. Affiliations and Organizations, 1900-1937.

Box 1   Folder 6
Aurorean Coterie, 1900-1915
Memorabilia includes newpaper clippings, correspondence, speeches, resolutions, poems, and a membership application.
Box 1   Folder 7
Free Masonory, 1926-1929
Includes programs, speeches, writings, stationary, applications, poetry, masonic proverb and poem handbook. Also includes a list of names of persons who contributed toward purchase of gift for Master Logan. Materials from the Prince Hall Lodge #46 Free and Accepted Masons, The Royal Arch Masons, and the Nehemiah Free and Accepted Masons.
Box 1   Folder 8
Navy Shipyard, 1910-1939
Includes a "Toastmaster" speech delived to the Enlisted Men's Club of United States Navy, program of USS Sterett launching, copy of program of launching of USS Roeand poems, including a poem honoring James Logan by Mr. A.W . Pregnall. Also includes clippings from the Pittsburgh Courier and Produce To Win regarding Logan's work ethic and promotion.
Box 1   Folder 9
Banks and Businesses, 1919-1937
Includes speech delivered to Charleston Mutual Savings Bank and other related material. Also contains speech on the economic foundation of the "race," form letter announcing opening of North Carolina business, notes from a "stockholders" meeting, program from national Negro Business League convention, and The Pioneer Negro Saving Bank of Georgia booklet with notation.
Box 1   Folder 10
Charleston Organizations, 1920-1922
Includes Cannon Street Young Men's Christian Association newsletter; an invitation to hear Dr. R.S. Wilkinson; an National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) organizing flyer; and a speech delivered to the Young Men's Charitable Association.

4. Education and Schools, 1889-1937.

Box 1   Folder 11
Speeches and Programs, 1889-1937
Includes a speech attributed to Logan delivered to parents and friends of the Morris St. School, a Burke High and Industrial School valedictory address by Logan's god-daughter, speech by Marjorie McCaskell, and a dedicatorial program booklet for the Henry P. Archer School.

5. Church and Religion, 1910-1937.

Box 1   Folder 12
Speeches, 1910-1928
Includes "The Influence and Possibility of Zion Through United Efforts,""The Divine Mission of Christian Workers,""Purposeful Cooperation""The Importance of the Christian Religion in Man" and "Response to Address of Welcome."
Box 1   Folder 13
Programs, 1937
Includes programs from Zion Presbyterian Church and Morris St. Baptist Church.

6. Music, 1897-1938.

Box 1   Folder 14
Programs, 1897-1929
Includes programs of music events that featured Logan as the music director and orchestra leader. Some of the event locations include Carpenter's Hall, Plymouth Congregational Church, Young Men's Christian Association Hall, Harleston's Hall, and several local churches.
Box 1   Folder 15
Programs, 1930-1938 and undated
For local and national music events. Includes Barber-Scotia College presents tenor Luther King; Bryn Mawr College; Pianoforte Recital by J. Michael Graves at Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church; Calvary P.E. Church Choir concerts; The Crosswaith Falcons of Harlem #3; Harlem's Mt. Calvary M.E. Church; and the Eva Jessye Choir.
Box 1   Folder 16
Speeches and Poems, 1908-1938
Includes speeches and poems written by James Logan and others. Includes "A Toast to the Carpenter's Band of Local Union #809."

7. Speeches and Writings, 1906-1937.

Box 1   Folder 17
Race Relations, 1906-1937 and undated
"The Negro and the Major Political Parties of the Day" by James Singleton, "An Age of Advancement-Our Negro Must Advance," by Anna F. Johnson "Race Prejudice and Its Reaction" unknown.
Box 1   Folder 18
Women's Roles, 1907-1930 and undated
Includes "Choosing A Wife,""The Essentials of True Womanhood" with a revised copy delivered at Zion Presbyterian Church Woman's Bible Class.

8. Miscellaneous Material, 1914-1951.

Box 1   Folder 19
Death and Funerals, 1931-1951
Includes obituary for Edward Simmons by Logan; funeral program for Mrs. Hannah B. Whaley, including a poem by nephew; newpaper death notices for Dr. William H. Johnson, Bank of Charleston porter Ben Johnson, A.M.E. Minister Dr. L. Ruffin Nichols, civic leader and artist Edwin A. Harleston, Congressman Thomas E. Miller, and Reverend Daniel Jenkins.
Box 1   Folder 20
Invitations and Memorabilia, 1914-1937
Includes Dart Casino and Carpenter's Hall, program for the American Ornithologists' Union 46th meeting at the Charleston Museum, Poem "Rejected"; small calendar; article, "Quaint Charleston or Shoot The Sherman To 'Em Herman"; holiday and birthday cards; souvenir booklets; and postcards.

9. Photographs, 1910-1944.

Box 1   Folder 21
Charleston Navy Ship Yard and Charleston Union 809 Band, 1910-1944

10. Clippings and Articles, circa 1900s-1961.

This series chiefly contains photocopies of newspaper clippings and other articles.
Box 1   Folder 22
Music, circa early 1900s
Newspapers represented include The Musical Observer; The New York Age, and The Southern Reporter with articles the Amphion Concert Orchestra, led by Logan, and an article on 92-year-old Trinity Church organist, Theodore Dehon Ruddock.
Box 1   Folder 23
Religion, 1907 -1936
Includes local and national newspaper clippings including from the Charleston News and Courier, Charleston Evening Post, The New York Age, and The Pittsburgh Courier.
Box 1   Folder 24
Navy Yard, circa 1940s
Includes clippings chiefly from the Charleston Navy Yard's Produce To Win and The Charleston Navy News. Several other articles from the Charleston Evening Post pertain to the Charleston Navy Yard.
Box 1   Folder 25
Education, undated
Includes articles from the The Charleston News and Courier with letters to the editor from Louise Purvis Bell and John C. Gibbes.
Box 1   Folder 26
Business, 1928-1938
Includes clippings primarily from The Messenger about a business opening, Charleston Mutual Savings Bank stockholders meeting, and the Bank's liquidation.
Box 1   Folder 27
Race Politics: Charleston and South Carolina, 1909-1961
Articles from News and Courier, The New York Age, and The Charleston Messenger cover varied topics, including President Theodore Roosevelt's and Booker T. Washington's visit to Charleston, racism, injustice, voting, lynching, Representative Joseph Rainey, segregation at University of South Carolina, Senator Smith, and Democratic and Republican parties.
Box 1   Folder 28
Race Politics: National and International, 1909-1940
Articles from The New York Age,The Pittsburgh Courier, and News and Courier on race issues, as well as articles on Liberia and Frederick Douglass.
Box 1   Folder 29
Arts, Entertainment and Society, 1909-1940s
From The Afro-American, The New York Age, News and Courier, and The Pittsburgh Courier. Includes topics such as the death of James Weldon Johnson; Paul Robeson; Lewis H. Latimer; Matthew Henson; Benjamin Banneker; Paul L. Dunbar; The Three Keys; Tuskegee's new hospital; architect Frederick Massiah; The Frogs; and Professor Joseph S. Ames.
Box 1   Folder 29
Military and Science, 1909-1940s
From The Afro-American, The New York Age, News and Courier, and The Pittsburgh Courier.
Box 2   Folder 1
Sports, circa 1930s
From Charleston Evening Post, The New York Age, The Pittsburgh Courier regarding Joe Louis fights.
Box 2   Folder 2
General Politics, 1910-1958
Articles from Charleston News and Courier, Success Magazine, and The Smith Record, which gives an overview of the general political climate in the country between the Republican and Democratic parties from the period of reconstruction through late the 1930s. Also, campaign posters for Olin D. Johnston.
Box 2   Folder 3
Miscellaneous Articles, 1908-1938
From Charleston News and Courier, Charleston Evening Post, New York American, and Success Magazine. Topics include Thomas Edison; Henry Ford; John D. Rockefeller; Theodore Roosevelt; journalism, mastery of self; Charleston tornado of 1938; Fort Sumter; and Charleston Fireman Chief Louis Behrens.
Box 2   Folder 4
Other Magazines
Includes The New Age Magazine,The Crisis, and The Government Standard.


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Avery Research Center's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Avery Research Center claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], James Logan Scrapbooks, Avery Research Center, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA.

Processing Information

Processed by Deborah Wright, 2006

Encoded by Melissa Bronheim, September 2010

Edited by Melissa Bronheim, September 2010, and Amanda Ross, February 2011

Funding from the Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation supported the processing of this collection.

Funding from the Council on Library and Information Resources supported the collection processing and encoding of this finding aid.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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