Inventory of the Prince Hall Chapter No. 41, Order of the Eastern Star, 1921 - 2000
|Abstract:||The membership of the Order of the Eastern Star (O.E.S.) Prince Hall affiliated chapters are comprised of female relatives of men who are in the Prince Hall Masonry. In 1875, the first subordinate chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star Prince Hall affliated chapter was created by Ancient Free and Accepted Masons (A.F & A.M.), Brother Thornton A. Jackson in Washington, D.C. The Charleston chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star began circa 1912 and are known as Prince Hall Chapter No. 41, Order of the Eastern Star. Some of the O.E.S. activities include disbursing burial funds and endowments to member's family upon the death of a sister.|
|The Prince Hall Chapter No. 41, Order of the Eastern Star collection contains the administrative records, financial records, material relating to the rituals and ceremonies performed by the Order of the Eastern Star, and records relating Prince Hall Lodge No. 46, which is the Charleston Lodge. Topics of discussion in the minutes include recaps of O.E.S. conventions, notes about dues collected, attendance records, motions made, correspondence between the Charleston chapter and the Grand Chapter, membership petitions and potential members doctor's notes. Financial records detail the incomes and expenditures of the organization; and the charities they donated to. The collection also contains lyrics to Eastern Star songs, matron sashes, and burial instruction; as well as the meeting minutes, annual reports, and convention proceedings of the Prince Hall Lodge No. 46.|
|Title:||Prince Hall Chapter No. 41, Order of the Eastern Star, 1921 - 2000|
|Creator:||Order of the Eastern Star.|
|Repository:||Avery Research Center at the College of Charleston|
|Call Number:||AMN 1076|
|Language of Material:||Material in English|
|Extent:||1.6 linear feet
(4 archival boxes)
The membership of the Order of the Eastern Star Prince Hall affiliated chapters are comprised of female relatives of men who are in the Prince Hall Masonry. There is another Order of the Eastern Star for Caucasian women, but they link their founding to Robert Morris, a 19th century lawyer from Boston, Massachusetts. The Prince Hall Masons are believed to have been founded by Prince Hall and other African-American men in Boston, Massachusetts in 1787. In 1784, African Lodge #459 of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was the first Lodge to be recognized by the Grand Lodge of England. The Prince Hall Masonry was created because African-American men were barred from becoming members in Freemasonry, which was composed of Caucasian men. On September 6, 1901, a Lodge was organized in Charleston, South Carolina. The original officers of Prince Hall Masons Lodge No. 46 were Wm. Singleton, W.M; M.S. Frasier, S.W.; J.B. Moultrie, J.W; E.G. Logan, Secretary; F.R. Blanchard, Treasurer; Philip Cherry, Tiler; E.R. Hayne, S.D; and D.J. Mitchell, J.D.
According to Mrs. S. Joe Brown, who published The History of the Order of the Eastern Star Among Colored People in 1925, the "Order [of the Eastern Star] was originated by Master Masons for the protection of their wives, widows, mothers, sisters and daughters and hence cannot exist without the co-operatnon (sp) of the members."
In 1875, the first subordinate chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star African American chapter was created by A.F & A.M., Bro. Thornton A. Jackson in Washington, D.C. Between 1875 and 1876 he established nine chapters in total in the following cities: Alexandria, VA; Baltimore, MD; and Philadelphia, PA. In 1880, in Washington, North Carolina, Bishop J.W. Hood, "organized the first Negro Grand Chapter of O.E.S." The Charleston chapter of the Order of the Eastern Star began circa 1912 and are known as Prince Hall Chapter No. 41, Order of the Eastern Star. Other O.E.S. chapters in the area were in St. Andrews Parish and in Columbia. According to O.E.S. No. 41 By-Laws the Charleston chapter met the third Tuesday of each month to conduct business. The chapter abides by the Constitution of the Grand Chapter and adminstrative responsibilities was divided into committees. The following committees were created: the sick committee, which was charged with contacting the sick members of the organization and providing assistance as long as necessary; the investigating committee, which was responsible for establishing the good standing of potential members; and the auditing committee, which was in charge of examining the secretary's and treasurer's books annually. Noted members of the O.E.S. Charleston chapter include Mamie Garvin Fields, Wilhelmina Lecque, Lady Loraine Moultrie, Marie Hutchinson (was a charter member and matron), and Rebecca Garvin.
During the period that the Order of the Eastern Star was created African-American women were taking on leadership roles and organizing themselves in addition to being a part of inter-gender organizations. Thus, African-American women were seeking new roles and were redefining what an African-American woman was supposed to do; as a result, their work respresented a new trajectory of African-American political and social movement.
Some of the benefits of being a O.E.S. star member are obtaining relief in times of need (ex. death and sickness); helping future generations; and connecting with likeminded women. The women that are members of the Order are committed to uplift their community by providing assisstance to those that need it the most.
The symbol of the Order is the pentagram (a.k.a. star pentagon) and the five points symbolizes the tenets of the Order, which is based upon the women in the Bible. Adah is blue and stands for fidelity; Ruth is yellow and stands for constancy; Esther is white and represents loyalty; Martha is green for faith; and Electra is red for love.
Sources consulted by Aaisha Haykal
Brown, Joe S. The History of the Order of the Eastern Star Among Colored People. Des Moines, 1925. (reprint, New York: G.K. Hall & Co., 1997.)
Carlton-LaNey, Iris B. "African American Club Women's Resistance to Oppressive Public Policy in the Early 20th Century."http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/37825_Chapter2.pdf
Coleman, Raymond T. Prince Hall History Education Class. http://www.princehall.org/History/Ray%20Colemans%20History.pdf
Coleman, Raymond T. and Danna S. McAllister. Some Important Facts About the History of Prince Hall Grand Lodge Massachusetts for the Introductory Study on Prince Hall and its History for Lodges of Instructionhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/2361490/Some-Important-Facts-About-the-History-of-Prince-Hall-Grand-Lodge-Massachusetts
Jones, Martha S. "'Make Us a Power': African American Methodists Debate the 'Woman Question,' 1870-1900." In Women and Relgion in the African Diaspora: Knowledge, Power, and Performance, edited by R. Marie Griffth and Barbara Dianne Savage,128-154. Baltimare: John Hopkins University Press, 2006. http://www.scribd.com/doc/17831077/Women-and-Religion-in-the-African-Diaspora
This collection contains the administrative records, financial records, material relating to the rituals and ceremonies performed by the Order of the Eastern Star, and records in relation to their affliated lodge, Prince Hall Lodge No. 46.
The collection is divided into four series:
1. Administrative Records includes organizational bylaws, 1936-1946 meeting minutes, committee reports, membership petitions, women's' doctor's notes, O.E.S. proceedings for the following years, 1935, 1956, 1974, and 1977, and letters regarding death claims paid and funeral programs for deceased sisters. Topics covered within meeting minutes include discussion of dues collected, attendance records, motions made, and reports back from the women who attended the conventions. There is a subseries that contains administrative correspondence, which consists of letters between the chapter and the Grand Chapter regarding membership and dues, and letters from the district about meeting times and locations. The subseries also contains, financial correspondence in regards to changing membership dues and death claim payouts, records denoting their charity donations, and their business with Macoy Publishing and Masonic Supply. Other records in the subseries comprises of invitations and cards; and blank stationary, envelopes, and meeting reminders.
2. Financial Records includes financial reports, 1949-1978 bank statements from the South Carolina National Bank, cancelled checks, check ledgers, receipts, business letters, and individual members' financial books. The financial books are of the following members: Mrs. Virginia Lemon, Miss. Celia Robinson, Mrs. Dottie Williams, Mrs. Rosalee Williams, Sis. Rebecca Garvin, and Sis. Mamie Fields.
3. O.E.S. Rituals and Ceremonies include the lyrics to the Eastern Star Songs, such as "We Meet We Part;" "The Light;" and "On Being a Star." Other records in the series include printed syllabus of Amaranth and the revised version of the Eastern Star syllabus, burial instruction information, and five sashes to represent each point on the star.
4. Prince Hall, Lodge No. 46 Records includes their 1924-1934 meeting minutes, which records meeting attendance, motions made, and election results; 1935 and 1936 annual reports; programs from the 1970 and 1979 Grand Lodge Communications; raffle ticket books; and 1954-1957 Temple Association reports, which documents their expenditures and revenues.
1. Adminstrative Records, 1929-1977, and undated
2. Financial Records, 1921-1978, and undated
3. O.E.S. Rituals and Ceremonies, undated
4. Prince Hall, Lodge No. 46 Records, 1924-1979, 2000, and undated
- African American women--South Carolina--Societies and clubs--History.
- African American women--South Carolina--Charleston--Societies and clubs.
- African American fraternal organizations.
- African American freemasonry.
- Women and freemasonry--United States.
- Order of the Eastern Star. Grand Chapter of South Carolina.
- Order of the Eastern Star.
Detailed Description of the Collection
1. Administrative Records , 1929-1977.
1.1. Correspondence, 1934-1976.
2. Financial Records, 1921-1978.
Arranged by subject and then chronologically.Box 2 Folder 21
3. O.E.S. Rituals and Ceremonies, undated.
4. Prince Hall Lodge 46 Records, 1924-1979, 2000, and undated.
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[Identification of item], Prince Hall Chapter No. 41, Order of the Eastern Star, Avery Research Center, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA.
Processed by Aaisha Haykal, 11, 2011
Encoded by Aaisha Haykal, 11, 2011