This document, which is called a "finding aid," describes an archival collection.
In the course of daily life, individuals, families, organizations, and businesses create and keep information about their
activities. When such records are no longer needed on a day-to-day basis, a portion judged to possess enduring historical
value may be preserved and maintained as archival collections. Archival records take many forms, including correspondence,
diaries, financial and legal documents, photographs, and sound recordings. Archival materials may also include maps, scientific
data, artifacts, and electronic records such as emails or databases.
Prepared by archival staff, finding aids provide a history of the person or organization that produced the collection, an
overview of the collection, and a detailed list of the collection's contents.
Finding aids are used by researchers to determine whether materials within a collection may be relevant to their research.
While not exhaustive, finding aids help researchers identify the particular boxes or folders that may hold items of interest.
Bernice Violanthe Robinson (1914-1994) was born in Charleston, South Carolina to James C. and Martha Elizabeth Robinson. She
was a cosmetologist, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Secretary and Chairperson of Membership,
Highlander's first Citizenship School teacher for adult education on John's Island, South Carolina. She held political education
and voter registration workshops in Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, and other southern states for the Southern
Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). She worked as a Field Secretary for the Political Organization of the First Congressional
District in South Carolina. Robinson was SCLC's Field Supervisor for Adult Education and instructor of reading, and Director
of Educational Workshops for the Highlander Research and Education Center. Robinson worked for the South Carolina Commission
for Farm Workers (SCCFW), as Supervisor of the Volunteers-In-Service-To-American (VISTA) program. She also ran unsuccessfully
for the South Carolina House of Representatives, being the first African American women to run for office in South Carolina.
Robinson returned to the SCCFW as the Director of Migrant Day Care. She then became a Loan and Relocation Officer for the
Charleston County Community Development Department, a position she held until retirement in 1982.
The collection details Bernice V. Robinson's role as a teacher and social activist for voter education, adult literacy, and
child development; with other materials (1960s-1980s) relating to her personal, religious, and social work.
Biographical papers include transcripts of her oral history interview. A series of Robinson's works contains copies of speeches
on a number of topics. Her correspondence includes letters from social activist and photographer Marion Palfi (1963); Guy
and Candie Carawan (1988); Andrew Young, Jr. (1977) and others. A series on her professional affiliations documents her political,
educational, and advocacy activities throughout her life.
Robinson's political papers include correspondence and campaign materials regarding her candidacy to the South Carolina House
of Representatives (1972, 1974); Her church papers include minutes and correspondence, from the Board of Christian Social
Concerns and the Program Council of the United Methodist Church; materials regarding Old Bethel United Methodist Church, Charleston,
South Carolina; and speeches given at United Methodist Women conferences.
Other materials documenting Robinson's association with African American and women's associations include those regarding
the Charleston Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1955-1974, bulk 1970s); and papers
regarding her sorority, Sigma Gamma Rho.
Audio-visual materials include reel to reel tapes, cassette copies and transcripts of speeches for a lecture series, A decade of civil rights history, 1960-1970: the movement as viewed by participants at Loop College, Chicago, IL (1970). The series also includes photographs of Robinson and unidentified friends and family members. Miscellaneous and oversize
materials include newspaper clippings on various, mostly political, topics, and a SCLC newsletter SoulForce.
Bernice Robinson Papers, 1920 - 1989
Avery Research Center at the College of Charleston
Bernice Violanthe Robinson was born in 1914 in Charleston, South Carolina to James C. and Martha Elizabeth Robinson. Her father
was a bricklayer and her mother a homemaker and seamstress. Robinson attended Simonton Elementary and Burke Industrial High
School, graduating in 1931. She then relocated to Harlem, New York, where she worked in the garment district during the day
and attended evening classes at the Poro School of Cosmetology.
Upon Robinson's 1947 return to South Carolina, she opened a beauty shop and worked with the Charleston Branch of the National
Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as Secretary and Chairperson of Membership. In 1954, she attended
a Highlander Folk School workshop in Tennessee, with her cousin Septima Clark. On the insistence of Clark and Esau Jenkins,
businessman and founder of the Progressive Club, Robinson became the first Citizenship School teacher for adult education
on John's Island, South Carolina in 1957. Robinson worked as a volunteer and part-time employee, teaching adults reading skills
to enable them to vote. When Highlander transferred the program to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Robinson
stayed with Highlander holding Voter Registration and Political Education workshops in Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee,
and other southern states. In 1963, she worked as a Field Secretary for the Political Organization of the First Congressional
District in South Carolina. The next year she joined SCLC as a Field Supervisor for Adult Education and instructor of reading,
and Director of Educational Workshops for the Highlander Research and Education Center. Robinson left the SCLC in 1970 to
work for the South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers (SCCFW), as Supervisor of the Volunteers-In-Service-To-American (VISTA)
program. In 1972 and 1974, she ran unsuccessfully for the South Carolina House of Representatives, being the first African
American women to run for office in South Carolina. Robinson returned to the SCCFW in 1975 as the Director of Migrant Day
Care. In 1979, she became a Loan and Relocation Officer for the Charleston County Community Development Department, a position
she held until retirement in 1982.
Correspondence, minutes, financial documents, literary productions, printed materials, photographic materials, and audio recordings
document Bernice V. Robinson's role (late 1950s-1980s) as a teacher and social activist for voter education, adult literacy,
and child development, with other materials (1960s-1980s) relating to her personal, religious, and social work. Biographical
papers include transcripts of her oral history interview, detailing her life and family; race relations in Charleston; work
in New York City; differences in segregation in the South and North; her work with the Charleston Branch of the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People, and with her cousin Septima Clark, Esau Jenkins, the Progressive Club, and Highlander
Folk School, educating adults for voter registration and establishing schools on John's, Wadmalaw, and Edisto Islands; working
for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Andrew Young, Rosa Parks, Dorothy Cotton,
Hosea Williams, Bayard Rustin, Medgar Evers, and James Bevel; working for a variety of other civil rights related and social
welfare programs; and her unsuccessful political career. The second series, Works, contains copies of speeches on a number
of topics. Her correspondence includes letters from social activist and photographer Marion Palfi (1963); Guy and Candie Carawan
(1988); Andrew Young, Jr. (1977) and others.
A series on her professional affiliations is divided into 18 sub-series documenting Robinson's work with Highlander Folk School,
later Highlander Research and Education Center, (1957-1988, bulk 1957-1960s), with Myles Horton correspondence (1957-1988);
materials from Highlander sponsored programs, including the Southwide Voter Education Internship Project, (1965); the South
Carolina Citizenship School (1957-1960). Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) papers (1964-1969) include data regarding
its history, structure and projects--with tributes regarding Martin Luther King, Jr. SCLC Citizenship Education Training Program
papers (1963-1969) contain reports, workbooks, and materials used by Robinson in teaching reading and voter registration.
Papers (1967-1970) on the South Carolina branch of the Voter Education Project, Inc., sponsored by the Southern Regional Council,
include reports (1965-1966), booklets and charts. Materials (1964-1970) regarding Robinson's involvement with the Community
Action Program, of the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) detail a three month Community Action Technicians Training Program
(CAT/CAP), in Madison, Wisconsin (1967); with post-CAT papers (1967-1968), as well. The South Carolina Commission for Farm
Workers (SCCFW)/Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) program papers (1966-1972) contain grant proposals, publications
regarding its inception, structure, and reports (1970-1972) from Robinson's territory of Edisto, John's, Wadmalaw and Yonges
Islands and Williamsburg County to supervisors and James E. Clyburn, Executive Director. Files on day care and child development
organizations document the creation of, and Robinson's directorship (1971-1973) of the Yonges Island Day Care Center. Civil
Rights Movement Oral History Project papers (of the Institutional Development and Economic Affairs Service [IDEAS]), include
grant proposals, and carbons of letters, requesting interviews.
Robinson's political papers include correspondence and campaign materials regarding her candidacy to the South Carolina House
of Representatives (1972, 1974); and campaign materials regarding Charles "Pug" Ravenel's unsuccessful bid the for United States Senate, and Robinson's work (1978) as field coordinator. Her church papers
include minutes and correspondence, from the Board of Christian Social Concerns and the Program Council of the United Methodist
Church; materials regarding Old Bethel United Methodist Church, Charleston, South Carolina; and speeches given at United Methodist
Women conferences. Other materials documenting Robinson's association with African American and women's associations include
those regarding the Charleston Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (1955-1974, bulk 1970s);
and papers regarding her sorority, Sigma Gamma Rho.
Audio-visual materials include reel to reel tapes, cassette user copies and transcripts of speeches for a lecture series,
A decade of civil rights history, 1960-1970: the movement as viewed by participants at Loop College, Chicago, IL (1970), featuring
Fannie Lou Hamer, Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth, Rosa Parks, and John Lewis; with recordings for Guy Carawan's and Dr. Lawrence
D. Reddick's speeches. The series also includes original and photocopied black and white photographs of Robinson and unidentified
friends and family members, some originals from Avery's photographic collections. Miscellaneous and oversize materials include
a small amount of photocopied newspaper clippings on various, mostly political, topics, and a SCLC newsletter SoulForce.
Note: Part of Robinson's oral history is published in Refuse to stand silently by: an oral history of grass roots social activism
in America, edited by Eliot Wigginton. Bernice Robinson is interviewed in the documentary film, You got to move: stories of
change in the South.
Identification and business cards, circa 1950 and 1972-1975
From Robinson's hair salon; Action /VISTA program; and South Carolina School Boards.
Box 1 Folder 4
Date and address book, 1973
Box 1 Folder 5
Transcript of oral interview of Robinson by Sue Thrasher and Eliot Wiggington, November 9, 1980
Topics discussed include early family years, unions for the skilled trades; educational system in Charleston County, segregation
differences in the South and North; Robinson's experiences working in garment factories and beauty shops in Harlem, New York;
South Carolina Human Relations Council; NAACP; Ruby Hurley; Hubert Humphrey; Septima Clark; Rosa Parks; Esau Jenkins, the
Progressive Club and African American education and voter registration; Robinson's involvement with the Highlander Folk School;
Myles Horton; experience as being the first Citizenship School teacher; the establishment of Citizenship Schools on Johns,
Wadmalaw and Edisto Islands; funding from Maxwell Hahn of the Field Foundation; the 1959 raid on Highlander; Andrew Young,
Jr.; Southern Christian Leadership Conference; Medgar Evers; Martin Luther King, Jr.; Rosa Parks; Hosea Williams; Bayard
Rustin; James Bevel; Dorothy Cotton; Randolph Blackwell, and others; Robert Moses and the Council of Federated Organization;
Robinson's employment with the South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers/VISTA Volunteers program; her run for the State
House of Representatives; consultant work with IDEAS and the terminated Civil Rights Movement Oral History Project; literacy
training; and economic and social advancements of African Americans resulting from the Civil Rights movement.
Box 1 Folder 6
Transcript, edited version of above interview for the book, Refuse to Stand Silently By: An Oral History of Grass Roots Social Activism in America 1921-1964.
Box 1 Folder 7
Newsletters, 1973 and 1985
From Garrett High School, Charleston and South Carolina Committee for the Humanities, featuring articles on Robinson.
Box 1 Folder 8
Typescripts, church programs, and greeting cards, 1963-1975
2. Works: Writings, Talks, Lectures and Speeches, 1978-1988.
Box 1 Folder 9
With draft of speech regarding cousin Septima Clark.
Box 1 Folder 10
Central Coast Literacy Conference: Letters, statement of purpose, conference program, 1986
Sponsored by the City of Watsonville (California) Public Library. Includes handwritten notes on index cards of Robinson's
speech regarding literacy, citizenship and Highlander Center.
Box 1 Folder 11
Lee Davis Letters, speech and flyers, 1986
Regarding University of California, Santa Cruz Women's Center discussion, Empowerment of the Estranged and Powerless, with Robinson as the keynote speaker. Also includes information regarding the Watsonville cannery strike, and the film
documentary regarding Highlander, You Got to Move, featuring Robinson. Also see Box 3 Folder 10 for essay written by Lee Davis regarding Citizenship Schools on Johns Island.
Box 1 Folder 12
Literacy Volunteers of America, Inc. Correspondence, newsletters, conference program, 1986
Includes typescript of Robinson's speech regarding literacy for citizenship and employment.
Box 1 Folder 13
Correspondence, biographical sketches, handwritten and typed drafts of speech, 1988
For Robinson's talk at the South Carolina State Museum regarding the importance of voting.
Box 1 Folder 14
Handwritten speech, undated
Regarding the early days of the Civil Rights Movement; and miscellaneous handwritten notes.
Personal letters, invitations, greetings and post cards from various family members and friends, 1960-1988 and undated
Includes letters from photographer Marion Palfi; Septima Clark; folk singers Guy and Candie Carawan.
Box 1 Folder 16
Personal correspondence and photo of Bishop Peter Mark Kariuki Wachira, Roho Israel Church of Kenya, 1972-1973
Regarding Christianity in America.
Box 1 Folder 17
Professional letters to Robinson, 1965-1967
Regarding information on cooperatives from the United States Department of Agriculture; and her participation in a tour of
the Charleston Naval Station.
Box 1 Folder 18
Professional correspondence regarding Robinson seeking employment, 1972-1977
Includes letter of recommendation from Richard W. Riley.
Box 1 Folder 19
Professional letters, 1973-1979
Includes letter from Andrew Young thanking Robinson for her message regarding his nomination as U.S. Ambassador to the United
Nations; and letter of appointment to the Tax Exempt Board, Charleston County Council.
Box 1 Folder 20
Professional correspondence, 1980-1989 and undated
Incluldes requests for Robinson to speak about adult literacy and requests for interviews from doctoral students regarding
Highlander and Citizenship Schools.
New York School of Interior Design: Course catalog and newsletter, 1963
Box 2 Folder 2
New York School of Interior Design: Correspondence, course papers, and design postcards from Robinson's Home Study Course,
Box 2 Folder 3
Interior design course, 1963-1964
Handwritten notes and drafts for home study lessons.
4.2 The Highlander Folk School and Research Center
Box 3 Folder 1
Highlander and Citizenship Schools: Correspondence, 1957-1988
Includes letter from Highlander founder, Myles Horton, congratulating Robinson on being an excellent teacher at the Johns
Island Adult School; letter from Robinson to Horton commenting on the tenuous status of the School; letter from staff member,
Anne Lockwood offering Robinson a position with Robinson's reply; letter from Horton to Leslie Dunbar, executive director
of the Field Foundation, requesting funding to collect oral histories from civil rights movement participants, which Robinson
and Septima Clark would gather; letter from Horton congratulating Robinson regarding her campaign for the South Carolina State
House of Representatives, with references to the historic value of the Highlander tapes; letter and photocopied newspaper
clippings regarding attacks against the Center for its efforts to close the Bumpass Cove Sanitary Landfill, Tennennesse.
Box 3 Folder 2
Highlander's The United Nations and You workshop roster, 1955
Box 3 Folder 3
Photographs, circa 1960s
Robinson teaching at a voter education workshop; photocopy of itinerary regarding schedule of citizenship training workshops.
Box 3 Folder 4
Highlander Reports Newsletters, 1961-1988
Also includes brochures regarding the Center and their fiftieth anniversary campaign.
Box 3 Folder 5
Highlander Folk School Audio Tape Collection finding aid, 1964 and undated
From Tennessee State Library and Archives; with essay regarding participants on recordings
Box 3 Folder 6
Esau Jenkins and the Sea Island Progressive Club Center: Biographical sketch, itineraries, booklet, correspondence, and newspaper
Includes letter with proposal from Jenkins requesting a grant for a day care program from the Department of Labor; letter
from American Friends Service Committee regarding Southern School Desegregation work with employment opportunity for Robinson;
and Jenkins' obituary.
Box 3 Folder 7
Center expenses and income report, 1966-1967
Box 3 Folder 8
Typescripts, 1979 and undated
Regarding Robinson's experiences and influence on the creation of the Citizenship Program in South Carolina; and typed transcription
of her talk regarding Citizenship Training Schools.
Box 3 Folder 9
Typescripts and published essays, 1966-1987
Regarding Highlander Center and citizenship education by Aimee Horton; with letter to Robinson regarding the possibility of
jointly writing an article on literacy education.
Box 3 Folder 10
Lee Davis typescript, 1986
Regarding Johns Island's Citizenship School with quotes from Robinson, Brazilian educator Paulo Freire, Septima Clark, and
Box 3 Folder 11
John Beecher (great nephew of Harriet Beecher Stowe) speech and poems, letters, and press release, 1961-1974
Writings include autographed poem about Highlander Folk School; and speeches regarding racial attitudes and the bombing of
the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama.
Box 3 Folder 12
For identifying institutions and individuals possessing creative talent and financial support for the Center.
Box 3 Folder 13
Jerome Franson letter and abstract, 1976
From Georgia College, requesting an interview from Robinson regarding her experience with the Highlander Folk School's Sea
Island Citizenship project.
Box 3 Folder 14
Poem and newspaper articles, 1959-1966
Regarding Highlander, Robinson, Septima Clark and participants. Includes newspaper articles regarding Robinson and Clark
applying to the Peace Corps.
Includes Robinson with adult and youth Citizenship students.
Box 3 Folder 20
Miscellaneous reports, surveys, and booklets, 1960-1965
Published by government agencies regarding community development and leaders.
4.4 Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Box 4 Folder 1
From Septima Clark informing Robinson of grant funding of Maxwell Hahn, Field Foundation; and letters regarding Robinson's
Box 4 Folder 2
SCLC newsletters and staff news, 1963-1964 and 1967
Box 4 Folder 3
SCLC calendar, 1965
Includes Robinson's handwritten notes.
Box 4 Folder 4
Includes booklets and pamphlets regarding SCLC, Alabama Tutorial Project, and staff member Reverend James Bevel.
Box 4 Folder 5
Photocopy of Ford Foundation Grant proposal, 1965
Written by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Reverend Andrew J. Young, requesting leadership training for Black ministers of
thirty urban areas and citizenship training for neighborhood leaders of five major cities; and catalog regarding Ford Foundation
travel and study grants.
Box 4 Folder 6
Programs and name tags, 1965-1966
Including benefit program honoring Rosa Parks; and photocopied annual report by Martin Luther King Jr. for SCLC's Ninth Annual
Box 4 Folder 7
Booklet "A Decade of SCLC," 1967
Box 4 Folder 8
Roster and Report, 1966-1967
Roster of attendance at school desegregation program in Montgomery, Alabama; report regarding Wilcox County, Alabama Anti-Poverty
Box 4 Folder 9
SCLC staff and membership rosters, 1968
Box 4 Folder 10
Regarding Poor People's Campaign in Washington, DC.
Box 4 Folder 11
Minister Leadership Training Program booklet and pamphlet, 1968
Box 4 Folder 12
Programs and newspaper clippings, 1970-1988
Regarding tributes to Septima Poinsette Clark; articles about Robinson and Andrew Young.
Box 4 Folder 13
Photocopied typescript, pamphlets and published reports 1965, 1986 and undated
From various organizations regarding civil rights, nonviolent resistance; reports regarding racism and race relations.
Box 4 Folder 14
United States Commission on Civil Rights published reports and conference roster, 1963 and 1966
4.5 SCLC: Martin Luther King, Jr. Materials
Box 4 Folder 15
"Recognition Dinner" program, 1964
Honoring Martin Luther King, Jr. as winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, Atlanta, Georgia.
Box 4 Folder 16
Martin Luther King, Jr. printed speeches, writings, and interview, 1963-1967
Also includes interview in Playboy Magazine.
Box 4 Folder 17
Newspaper clipping, 1968
Regarding King uniting civil rights efforts with Black Power advocate Stokely Carmichael.
Box 4 Folder 18
Martin Luther King Jr. obsequies, 1968
Box 4 Folder 19
Martin Luther King, Jr. magazines articles, 1968
Box 4 Folder 20
Regarding organizational assignments for the "Martin Luther King, Jr. Film Project."
Box 4 Folder 21
Coretta Scott King published address, 1970
On the legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Box 4 Folder 22
Programs and tributes, 1972-1987
Regarding Charleston, South Carolina events honoring King.
Box 4 Folder 23
Speeches, 1986 and undated
By Robinson, regarding Martin Luther King's birthday, and the importance of voting; also includes letter requesting Robinson
to speak; and typed speech to People Aiding People Organization.
Box 4 Folder 24
Conference speeches and newsletter, 1972
Regarding nonviolence in the 1970s featuring Coretta Scott King, Jesse Jackson and Andrew Young, Jr.; and newsletter from
Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Social Change.
4.6 SCLC: Citizenship Education Training Program
Box 5 Folder 1
SCLC Citizenship Education Program: Photocopy of typescripts, student roster, pamphlets, and booklets, 1963-1964
Includes pamphlet describing voter registration project at the Dorchester Center, Georgia; and mimeograph poem dedicated to
the Dorchester Center.
Box 5 Folder 2
Hilton Head Progressive Committee and Lawton South Carolina Township Improvement Association rosters, 1964-1965
Box 5 Folder 3
Workbooks and booklets, 1965-1968 and undated
Used in Robinson's voting class for the SCLC Citizenship Education program.
Box 5 Folder 4
Lesson plans on Negro history, Constitutional Amendments, and consumer education material, undated
Box 5 Folder 5
Statistical report, 1962-1964
Regarding SCLC Citizenship Education; also includes monthly attendance and record sheet.
Box 5 Folder 6
Newsletter page written by Septima Clark, 1963
Regarding registered voter success by SCLC Citizenship Schools.
Box 5 Folder 7
Record book, 1964-1965
Regarding teacher and member attendance in Citizenship Schools in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and Allendale, Beaufort, Berkeley,
Charleston, Colleton, Dorchester, Hampton and Jasper Counties, South Carolina.
Box 5 Folder 8
By Robinson, regarding Citizenship Education Program.
Box 5 Folder 9
Correspondence: Citizenship teachers, 1965-1966
Responding to Robinson's request on availability and locations for classes. Includes poem by a North Charleston Adult School
Box 5 Folder 10
C.O. Federal Credit Union typescripts, financial report and booklets, 1965-1968, 1972
Box 5 Folder 11
Regarding Citizenship Education workshop held at Penn Community Center, Frogmore, South Carolina.
Box 5 Folder 12
SCLC teacher's paid vouchers lists, 1966-1967
Box 5 Folder 13
Federal assistance programs guide, undated
To assist members associated with the Citizenship Education Program.
Box 5 Folder 14
Grant proposal, 1967
From the Citizenship Education Program to Marshall Field Foundation.
Box 5 Folder 15
Letter and transcripts, 1967
To Robinson from National Education Association conference regarding the treatment of minorities in textbooks and other teaching
Box 5 Folder 16
Training leaflets 1968-1969
information on rental housing; newspapers; and taxes.
Box 5 Folder 17
Field report 1968-1969
Of Robinson's traveling through South Carolina.
Box 5 Folder 18
Program itinerary, 1969
Regarding Citizenship Education Workshop at Dorchester Community Center, Georgia; and memorandum regarding SCLC conference
at Penn Conference Center, Frogmore, South Carolina.
Box 5 Folder 19
Miscellaneous list, undated
By Robinson, regarding items to carry to the new center.
4.7 Voter Education Project, Inc.
Box 5 Folder 20
Newsletter and pamphlet, 1967-1970
Regarding Voter Education Project, a program of the Southern Regional Council.
Box 5 Folder 21
South Carolina Voter Registration Project: Reports, roster, and newspaper clipping, 1965-1966
Includes original and photocopies of Robinson's reports regarding the Southwide Voter Education Workshop.
Box 5 Folder 22
Voter registration education: Typescripts and booklet, 1967 and undated
Box 5 Folder 23
Government and registered African American voters in South Carolina: Booklet and charts, 1969
4.8 Community Action Program (CAP)
Box 6 Folder 1
Menominee, Wisconsin Community Action Program: Memorandums, grant application, and proposal, 1966
Box 6 Folder 2
Published essay and guides, undated
Describing the Community Action program and procedures.
Box 6 Folder 3
Head Start programs: Reports, manual, memorandums, letters, grant applications and proposals 1966-1967
Box 6 Folder 4
Community Action Program Grantees Directory, 1966
Box 6 Folder 5
CAP handbook, undated
Regarding community action and public information.
Box 6 Folder 6
Report and brochures, 1966 and undated
Reports regarding CAP training program for depressed rural areas; brochures regarding Community Action programs for the elderly,
legal services, and cooperatives.
Box 6 Folder 7
Regarding Office of Economic Opportunity and community action program updates.
Box 6 Folder 8
Brochures, circa 1965
Regarding community resources in Charleston County.
4.9 Community Action Program Technicians (C.A.T.) Training
Box 7 Folder 1
Letters and newsletter, 1967
From Community Action Technicians (C.A.T.) directors to Robinson regarding acceptance to training program and orientation
in Madison, Wisconsin.
Box 7 Folder 2
CAT training program: Roster, weekly class schedules and itineraries of field trips, 1967
Box 7 Folder 3
Creative process course: Typed class handouts, Robinson's handwritten notes, workbook, and pamphlet, 1967
Box 7 Folder 4
Communications classes: Syllabi and course materials, 1967
Box 7 Folder 5
Human behavior course: Syllabus, course materials, and handwritten notes, 1967
Box 7 Folder 6
Leadership classes: Syllabi, course materials, and handwritten notes, 1967
Box 7 Folder 7
Community analysis and organization classes: Syllabi, and course materials, 1967
Box 7 Folder 8
Program administration and Ohio opportunity program: Syllabi, brochures, and newsletter, 1967
Box 7 Folder 9
Typescript and handwritten class notes, 1967
Regarding consumer co-ops; public welfare; poverty; and senior citizens programs.
Box 7 Folder 10
Booklet, handwritten notes, syllabus, and typescripts, 1967
Regarding manpower development programs; and Native Americans.
Box 7 Folder 11
Reports, itinerary, typed worksheets, typescripts, newsletters, and brochures, 1967
From Durham and Charlotte, North Carolina field trip.
Box 7 Folder 12
Regarding evaluation of program trainees by Richard E. Morris; and Robinson's handwritten field notes regarding Durham and
Box 7 Folder 13
Miscellaneous typescripts and course materials, 1967
Regarding courses given during C.A.T. training
Box 7 Folder 14
Handwritten class notes and journal, 1967
Of Robinson's C.A.T. training experience in Madison Wisconsin, Iowa, Indiana, and North Carolina.
Box 7 Folder 15
Booklet, typescript, program and certificate, 1967
Regarding The C.A.T.ALYST Class of '67.
Box 7 Folder 16
C.A.T. graduate conference workshops, 1967
Includes class notes; itinerary and program.
Box 7 Folder 17
Miscellaneous materials, 1967
Regarding tourist attractions and places of interest in Madison, Wisconsin.
Box 7 Folder 18
Correspondence: post C.A.T. training program updates and events, 1967
Box 7 Folder 19
C.A.T. Alumni Association, 1967
Includes By-Laws and Constitution, handwritten minutes, and typed membership information.
Box 7 Folder 20
C.A.T. Alumni Newsletter, 1967
Box 7 Folder 21
Correspondence: CAP program and alumni information, 1967-1968
4.10 Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) Program, South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers, Inc. (SCCFW)
Box 8 Folder 1
SCCFW: Certificate of Incorporation, by-laws, procedures guide and position descriptions, 1966-1968
Box 8 Folder 2
VISTA: Handbook, organizational flow chart, job descriptions and pamphlet, 1969-1970
Box 8 Folder 3
VISTA: Correspondence and memorandums, 1969-1972 and undated
Includes Robinson's employment acceptance letter.
Box 8 Folder 4
Job description, orientation and training schedule, SCCFW project brief and handwritten notes, 1970
Regarding Robinson's VISTA supervisor position and program.
Box 8 Folder 5
Guidelines, reports and handwritten notes,1969-1972
Regarding project review board, detailing goals, job and area descriptions of Charleston, Williamsburg, Dorchester, and Sumter
Box 8 Folder 6
Grant proposal, 1969-1970
Submitted to SCCFW regarding Edisto Island Community Self Development Program co-written by Reverend McKinley Washington.
Box 8 Folder 7
Reports and roster, 1970-1971
Reports regarding social and economic conditions; SCCFW projects on Edisto, Johns, Wadmalaw and Yonges Islands; co-op membership
Box 8 Folder 8
Includes itineraries; weekly, and monthly progress reports submitted by Robinson to Program Officers; report to James E. Clyburn,
Executive Director, SCCFW.
Box 8 Folder 9
Annual reports, 1970-1972
Regarding VISTA Volunteer Program project overview written by Robinson.
Box 8 Folder 10
VISTA volunteer training and resource manuals and memorandums,1971
Box 8 Folder 11
Itineraries, weekly, and monthly reports, 1971
Submitted by Robinson to VISTA Associate Director.
Box 8 Folder 12
VISTA volunteer's monthly progress reports, 1971
Box 9 Folder 1
SCCFW program account budget forms, 1971-1972
Includes summary of work programs and budget.
Box 9 Folder 2
Letters and grant proposal, 1971 and undated
Regarding Williamsburg County Health Fair, sponsored by VISTA and Williamsburg County Medical Association. Reports provide
demographics of towns within Williamsburg County.
Box 9 Folder 3
Monthly reports, 1972
Submitted by Robinson to SCCFW Officers.
Box 9 Folder 4
History of Petersfield Island, South Carolina community, 1972
Includes information regarding improvement association (PIA).
Box 9 Folder 5
New VISTA volunteer staff training schedules, 1972
Box 9 Folder 6
South Carolina Council on Human Relations memorandum and booklet, 1971
Box 9 Folder 7
VISTA participants photo negatives, undated
Box 9 Folder 8
Newspaper clippings, 1971-1972
Includes VISTA volunteer in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and migrant laborers on Johns Island, South Carolina.
4.11 VISTA Day Care and Child Development Organizations
Box 9 Folder 9
Report: VISTA Volunteers training seminar in South Carolina day care procedures, 1970
Box 9 Folder 10
Report: Child Care Ministry, Dorchester County, South Carolina, 1970
Box 9 Folder 11
Letter, proposal and declaration for charter, 1970
Regarding St. Marks Day-Care Center, Williamsburg County.
Box 9 Folder 12
South Carolina Retarded Children's Habilitation Center: Letter and grant proposal, 1970-1972
Box 9 Folder 13
United Communities for Child Development: Photocopies of Certificate of Incorporation with minutes, 1971
Box 9 Folder 14
Health Start and day care programs memorandums and grant proposals, 1971 and 1973
Box 9 Folder 15
Conference materials, 1972
Includes statement of purpose and flyers regarding Children's March for Survival.
Box 9 Folder 16
Day Care and Child Development Council of America, Inc and South East Caucus Child Advocacy, 1971-1972
Includes Letters, newsletters, newspaper articles, and brochures.
Box 9 Folder 17
Agendas and booklet, 1972 and undated
Regarding day care conferences from Southern Association on Children Under Six; National Parents Federation of Day Care and
Child Development; and National Child Development Action; proposal regarding task force on child care needs and facilities.
Box 9 Folder 18
Miscellaneous reports, bibliographies, and booklets, 1965-1966 and 1971-1973
Published by government agencies regarding day care, education, and resources for disadvantaged children.
Box 9 Folder 19
Septima P. Clark Day Care Center Dedication Ceremony Program, 1978
Box 9 Folder 20
The Governor's Committee for Child Development: By-laws, typescripts, board member listing, 1973
Includes typescript of committee's "origins."
Box 9 Folder 21
Committee for Child Development: Minutes and hand written notes, 1973
Includes Robinson's handwritten notes regarding "Planning and Priorities Committee Report."
Box 9 Folder 22
Letters and reports, 1973
Regarding non profit day care centers in Charleston County serving low income families.
Box 9 Folder 23
The Child Development Associate Consortium, 1975-1976
Includes reports, guidelines, newsletters, and pamphlets.
4.12 Yonges Island Day Care Center
Box 10 Folder 1
Yonges Island Day Care Center Association, Inc., 1970
Includes Constitution and By-Laws, program and position description.
Box 10 Folder 2
Foundations for Day Care and Child Development lists, undated
Box 10 Folder 3
Funding for Yonges Island Day Care Center, 1970-1971
Includes correspondence and grant proposals.
Box 10 Folder 4
Yonges Island Day Care's kitchen equipment and supplies purchase, 1971
Includes letter, price quotations, photocopied blueprints for the United States Department of Agriculture authorization for
purchase; estimates from Food Service Supplies, Inc.; drawings of kitchen layout.
Box 10 Folder 5
Request of funding Yonges Island Day Care, 1972
Includes correspondence and grant proposals.
Box 10 Folder 6
Regarding disputes of grant and government funding between the United Methodist Church's Commission on Religion and Race,
and the State Department of Public Welfare and Social Service for Yonges Island Day Care.
Box 10 Folder 7
Yonges Island Day Care Center staffing proposals and notes, undated
Box 10 Folder 8
Magazine articles and newspaper clippings, 1970-1973
Regarding the Yonges Island Day Care Center and Sea Island poverty.
4.13 Institutional Development & Economic Affairs Service Inc. (IDEAS)
Box 11 Folder 1
Workshop program and correspondence, 1971
Regarding the Fifth Ecumenical Workshop sponsored by IDEAS, held at the Highlander Center, Knoxville, Tennessee.
Box 11 Folder 2
Correspondence, typescripts and project proposal, 1972
Between Robinson and Brian Beum, President of IDEAS, regarding the utilization of recorded audio Highlander interviews of
Southern civil rights activists during the 1950s and 1960s.
Box 11 Folder 3
Foxfire collaborative with IDEAS journal article, 1972
Box 11 Folder 4
Leadership Development Program, 1973
Includes letter, project proposal, and brochure regarding Robinson's application to the program.
Box 11 Folder 5
Civil Rights Movement Oral History Project proposal drafts, 1972-1973
Box 11 Folder 6
Typescript and report, 1972-1973
Regarding Eutaw, Alabama, the initial site for the Civil Rights Oral History Program. Typescript by Robinson regarding Eutaw's
Box 11 Folder 7
Civil Rights Oral History project correspondence and typescripts, 1973
With proposal review and project summary. Includes letters to Rosa Parks, Andrew Young, Jr., John Lewis, Bayard Rustin, Marion
Barry, Jr., Maxwell Hahn, Lloyd K. Garrison and others.
Box 11 Folder 8
Regarding Robinson seeking employment after project was terminated due to lack of funding. Includes correspondence with Mendel
Box 11 Folder 9
Miscellaneous booklets, 1972-1973
Regarding funding foundations for Oral History project and community action guide for Washington D.C.
4.14 South Carolina Commission for Farm Workers, Inc.
Box 12 Folder 1
SCCFW position description, employee handbook, training schedule, and benefits information, 1973-1976
Regarding Robinson's new position as Manpower Coordinator.
Box 12 Folder 2
Reports and booklet, 1973-1976
Regarding Coastal Plains Human Development Coordinating Council, Sullivan's Island, South Carolina; and resort development
on the Sea Islands.
Box 12 Folder 3
Robinson's High school talent search program proposals, 1974
Box 12 Folder 4
Report and minutes, 1977
Regarding summer migrant and Charleston County Social Services day care programs.
Box 12 Folder 5
Handbook, project proposal, budgets, and drafts, 1977-1978
Regarding CETA (Comprehensive Employment and Training Act) program; with Robinson's CETA work plan for the Youth Economic
& Development Project.
Box 12 Folder 6
By Robinson, regarding training needs assessment for minority development.
Box 12 Folder 7
Regarding program description of Youth Economic & Development Project, co-sponsored by the City of Charleston and Trident
4.15 Charleston County Community Development
Box 12 Folder 8
Charleston, Berkeley and Dorchester counties statistical reports, 1970
Box 12 Folder 9
Robinson's vehicle mileage reports and forms, 1979
Box 12 Folder 10
Residential rehabilitation program in Charleston County Guidelines, undated
Box 12 Folder 11
Community Development Newsletters, 1979-1980
4.16 Political related associations
Box 13 Folder 1
Regarding response to Robinson's request for listing of district officers and committees for the First Congressional District.
Box 13 Folder 2
Citizens Committee of Charleston County Constitution and By-Laws, letters, minutes and agendas, 1964-1975
Box 13 Folder 3
Political Action Committee of Charleston County Constitution and By-Laws and minutes, 1966 and 1978
Includes Political Awareness League of Charleston County program booklet, 1972.
Box 13 Folder 4
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party typescript, circa 1966
Regarding assisting legislature to consolidate counties.
Box 13 Folder 5
"Blacks for (J. Sidi) Limehouse" Campaign materials, 1971
Box 13 Folder 6
Typescript by Lawrence Libater, 1972
Regarding a class project which Robinson, Reverend Robert R. Woods, St. Julian F. Devine, Herbert U. Fielding, and Robert
Ford are interviewed on race relations in Charleston; housing conditions for Blacks; the Mayor Palmer Gaillard Administration;
and the Democratic and Republican Parties.
Box 13 Folder 7
Campaign advertisements, newspaper clippings, letters, and flyers, 1972
Regarding Robinson's candidacy for the South Carolina House of Representatives. Includes Robinson's form letter for campaign
financial support; letters of support from friends; and campaign results.
Box 13 Folder 8
Correspondence, signed petitions, and raffle ticket, 1974
Regarding Robinson's second bid for the South Carolina House of Representatives. Includes signed petitions to make Robinson
eligible to run for House Seat #111 in the 1974 General Election; and letter of appeal to the South Carolina Office of the
Box 13 Folder 9
"Vote Robinson State House "Name tag and ribbons circa, 1972-1974
Box 13 Folder 10
U.S. Senatorial Campaign of Charles "Pug" Ravenel, Charleston, 1978
Includes biographical sketch, correspondence, memorandums, press releases, campaign reports and surveys, newsletters and handwritten
notes n which Robinson worked as a field coordinator.
Box 13 Folder 11
Reverend Leonard A. Cunningham's candidacy, undated
Press release and handwritten notes for House Seat #111.
Box 13 Folder 12
Robinson's political associations correspondence, 1972-1985
Includes letters from John C. Pracht, IV and Joseph P. Riley, Jr.
Box 13 Folder 13
Miscellaneous voting programs and materials, 1968-1980
Includes membership list from League of Women Voters and Robinson's participation in political program.
4.17 Church and Church-related
Box 13 Folder 14
By Robinson, regarding "Report on School of Missions," held at Mather Academy, Camden, South Carolina for the United Methodist Church.
Box 13 Folder 15
Minutes, memorandums, and manual 1968-1970 regarding "Program Council" in which Robinson was Secretary
Box 13 Folder 16
Statement of purpose, guidelines, correspondence, minutes, composite reports, conference itineraries, and programs, 1966-1972
Regarding Christian Social Concern, Board of the South Carolina Conference of the Methodist Church which Robinson chaired;
and materials from Southeastern Jurisdictional Conferences.
Box 13 Folder 17
Seminar on Vietnam itinerary and roster, 1968
Co-sponsored by the United Methodist Church.
Box 13 Folder 18
European Study Seminar on Social Welfare, 1969-1970
Correspondence, brochure, and itinerary regarding Robinson's participation; co-sponsored by the United Methodist Church.
Box 13 Folder 19
Old Bethel United Methodist Church, in Charleston program booklet, church programs, and budget reports, 1969-1979
Includes 175th Anniversary of Old Bethel United Methodist Church.
Box 13 Folder 20
African Methodist Episcopal Church letter and directory, 1974 and undated
Includes thank you letter from Kay Nichols, Seventh Episcopal District, and directory of presiding elders and pastors.
Box 13 Folder 21
United and Black Methodist Women, 1975-1985
Includes By-Laws and Constitution, memorandums, newsletters, evaluation forms, conference program, and roster.
Box 13 Folder 22
Robinson's speeches for United Methodist Women conferences, 1982 and undated
Box 13 Folder 23
United Methodist Church typescripts, pamphlets, brochures and magazine, 1968 and undated
4.18 Volunteer, African American, and Women's related Organizations
Box 14 Folder 1
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People receipt book and typescript, 1954-1974
Used by Robinson for ues; and typescript regarding the origins of the NAACP.
Box 14 Folder 2
Charleston Chapter of the NAACP, 1973-1978
Includes memorandums, newspaper clipping; register and vote campaign data sheet; and magazine The Crisis.
Box 14 Folder 3
Donation envelope circa and newsletter 1971-1972
For Operation PUSH (People United to Serve Humanity) and Project Black Land.
Box 14 Folder 4
Welfare Organizations, 1965-1972
Includes agenda and memorandum regarding South Carolina State Welfare Rights Organization; and booklet regarding welfare in
Box 14 Folder 5
Sigma Gamma Rho, 1972-1978
Memorandums, minutes, programs, handwritten notes and flyers regarding Robinson's sorority.
Box 14 Folder 6
Charleston School Board (District 20), 1975-1977
Includes memorandums, letters, programs, and published reports regarding education and human relations.
Box 14 Folder 7
American Bicentennial and the Afro-American Bicentennial Corporation newsletters and booklets, 1976
Box 14 Folder 8
Red Cross Volunteer policies information sheets and brochures, 1977
Box 14 Folder 9
Miscellaneous materials, 1967-1976
Includes conference agenda from National Council of Negro Women; conference roster of National Conference of Black Women.
Box 14 Folder 10
Miscellaneous programs, welcome letters, brochures and pamphlets, 1977-1978
From Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Charleston business associations, and Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Box 14 Folder 11
Avery Institute program on the Civil Rights Movement, 1982
Dr. Lawrence D. from the Lecture series: "A Decade of Civil Rights History: 1960-1970: The Movement as Viewed by Participants, Loop College, Chicago"
Includes reel-to-reel tape recording and cassette copy. Reddick's historic overview of the civil rights era.
Box 15 Folder 2
Rosa Parks and Reverend Fred L. Shuttlesworth from Lecture series: "A Decade of Civil Rights History: 1960-1970: The Movement as Viewed by Participants, Loop College, Chicago"
Reel-to-reel tape recording and cassette copy. Recording is barely audible and contains heavy traffic noise in the background.
Parks's brief speech (fully transcribed) describes growing up in racially segregated Montgomery, Alabama; working with the
NAACP; challenges regarding voter registration in the 1940s; Parks's 1955 encounter of refusing to give her seat to a white
man; the bus boycott with support from the Montgomery Improvement Association, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Ralph Abernathy;
and Parks's experience at the Highlander Folk School. Shuttlesworth's speech (with partial transcript) relates the creation
of the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA); the 1956 Alabama legislature's decision outlawing the NAACP; bombing of his
house; community involvement during the bus boycott in Birmingham, Alabama; 1957 confrontational mob scene with police at
Terminal Station; wiretapping of telephone; and working with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. as SCLC secretary.
Box 15 Folder 3
John Lewis and Guy Carawan from Lecture series: "A Decade of Civil Rights History: 1960-1970: The Movement as Viewed by Participants, Loop College, Chicago"
Reel-to-reel tape recording and cassette copy. Transcript of Lewis' speech is included. Lewis relates his early years growing
up in Troy, Alabama; his feelings about the Montgomery bus boycott; attending college at American Baptist Seminary; his experience
at Highlander; working in the civil rights struggle with Reverends C.P. Vivian, James Lawson, Kelly Miller Smith and Martin
Luther King Sr. and Jr., the NAACP, Congress for Racial Equality (CORE); attending workshops for non-violence; his participation
in Nashville department store lunch counter sit-ins in 1959, the Freedom Rides of the early 1960s; confrontation with Birmingham
police and Bull Conner in 1961; experience in Mississippi and the Hinds County jail; working for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee (SNCC); the March from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama for voters rights; becoming a conscientious objector during
the Vietnam War; and a summary of the importance for the civil rights movement. Carawan's speech is barely audible due to
muffled recording and traffic noise in the background. Includes the performance of freedom songs; "We Shall Over Come," and "Ain't You Got a Right to the Tree of Life." Carawan also mentions Johns Island and Moving Star Hall.
Box 15 Folder 4
Fannie Lou Hamer from Lecture series: "A Decade of Civil Rights History: 1960-1970: The Movement as Viewed by Participants, Loop College, Chicago"
Reel-to-reel tape recording and cassette copy. Transcript of Hamer's speech is included. Hamer focuses on the period of 1960-1970,
relating her experience as a timekeeper on a Ruleville, Mississippi plantation; describing acts of resistance towards the
plantation owner; gaining political awareness through her first mass meeting in 1962; her experience in taking a literacy
test to obtain a voter registration card in Indianola, Mississippi, resulting in Hamer becoming a fugitive for several months;
returning to Ruleville to become the first Black woman in Sunflower County to become registered to vote; the police harassment
endured by Hamer and her family; the arrest of Hamer, Annelle Ponder, Southwide supervisor of SCLC and several others in Winona,
Mississippi, and the severe jail cell beatings that ensued; organizing the Mississippi Democratic Freedom (MFDP) party in
1964; Hamer's 1964 trip to Africa; and her views on human rights, politics in the south, Vietnam, school integration, the
importance of Black history.
Box 15 Folder 5
Photographs: Robinson and family members, circa 1920-1940s.
Original photographs are located in Avery's photograph collection files.
The nature of the Avery Research Center's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may
be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Avery Research Center claims only physical ownership
of most archival materials.
The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright
law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of
copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be
fully credited with the source.
[Identification of item], Bernice Robinson Papers, Avery Research Center, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA.