Inventory of the Frank Albert Young Papers, 1910 - 1989

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Descriptive Summary

Abstract: Frank Albert Young (1905-1990), worked as a journalist, historian, lecturer, and activist. Young, frequently referred to as "Mzee" (respected wise elder) and "Mwalimu" (dedicated teacher) was one of the last living members of "The Harlem Round Table." He was the founding member of the Third World Press News Service, Third World-American Education Association and Pan-African Communications Committee and was a member of numerous social justice, and grassroots organizations.
The majority of this collection includes correspondence (both business and personal), as well as newsletters, pamphlets, magazine and newspaper clippings from social justice, civil rights, grassroots and political organizations, some which Young founded or co-founded. Several organizations document Young's involvement as a journalist/media representative. The collection also includes documents used in Young's instruction to youth, with research materials on African American, African and South African histories, with periodicals and newsletters on the anti-apartheid movement; and documents pertaining to Young's Native American heritage (the Lenni Lenape tribe). Young also conducted extensive research on a variety of topics, including the Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania and the Ku Klux Klan which is reflected in the periodicals, newspaper and magazine clippings. The remainder of the collection holds brief photographs of Young, his various notes on businesses he contacted and newsletters and periodicals, mostly from African American grassroots organizations.
Title: Frank Albert Young Papers, 1910 - 1989
Call Number: AMN 1136
Repository: Avery Research Center
Dates: 1910-1989
Bulk: 1970-1988
Creator: Young, Frank Albert, 1905-1990
Language of Material: Material is in English
Extent: 5.0 Linear feet
(8 archival boxes, 1 oversize box and 1 oversize folder)

Biographical Note

Frank Albert Young, (1905-1990) was born in Chicago, Illinois to Adaline Harrison Young and Frank "Fay" Albert Young Sr. His father was considered the "Dean of Black sportswriters," and was the managing editor for the Chicago Defender newspaper. Nicknamed "Ghost Green Eyes," Young (Jr.) identified himself as "part Amish, part American Indian and part black." His Native American heritage is attributed to the Lenni Lenape tribe (Delaware Indians).

Young would become a printer's devil (otherwise known as apprentice) at the Defender and eventually followed in his father's footsteps by becoming a sports editor. He held numerous positions during his life, including being the assistant secretary of the Negro National League, and as a social worker in Los Angeles, California. Young wrote for a number of newspapers and participated in labor organizations internationally. He established the Third World Press News Service, Third World-American Education Association and the Pan-African Communication Committee. A strong advocate and promoter for having African American history taught in high schools and colleges, Young was a frequent lecturer at secondary and academic institutions across the country.

Young was married to Esther Adams.

Work Cited:

Gemperlein, Joyce. "Bringing History to Life." The Philadelphia Inquirer 17 June 1987: 1-B, 2-B. Print.

Collection Overview

The collection is divided into six series:

Series 1. Biographical Documents contains photocopied newspaper articles focusing on Frank Albert Young with brief photographs, manuscripts and poems written by Young. A sub-series contains correspondence, mostly letters (business and personal) sent to Young, along with greeting and postcards. Letters from authors include poet, SDiane (Adamz-) Bogus and historian, William Loren Katz.

Series 2. Organizational Affiliations holds various correspondence, organizational publications, newsletters, newspaper and magazine clippings and circulars pertaining to the associations Young established, co-founded or was a member. Many of the organizations are of a social justice, civil rights, grassroots and/or political nature. Several organizations such as the Third World Press and Pan-African Press (established in Charleston, South Carolina) document Young's involvement as a journalist/media representative. The series also contains Young's research on the Ku Klux Klan (which is also represented in Series 3) in Pennsylvania and nationally. In addition, the series includes newsletters and releases regarding the Free South Africa Movement and the Anti-Apartheid Act of 1985; the murder of Eula Mae Love (1979) by a Los Angeles police officer, represented by the National Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression; materials regarding the formation of the National Black United Front, a grassroots organization originated in Brooklyn, New York, who also led a campaign for the missing children in Atlanta, Georgia (1981). Young's interest also included environmental protection which include organizations dedicated to the preservation of coastal and barrier resources (Barrier Island Coalition, Folly Beach (South Carolina) Erosion Committee) and documents pertaining to Daufuskie Island and the Coastal Barrier Resources Act. A sub-series includes newsletters, news releases and circulars from grassroots and national organizations pertaining to workers rights and issues and civil rights.

Series 3. Instructional and Research Materials comprises materials collected by Young for his teaching and writings on African American, African and Native American history and heritage. Included are biographical sketches (newspaper clippings and Young's handwritten notes) with both notable and unacknowledged African Americans and people of African descent. Also included are booklets, journal essays, newspaper and magazine clippings, and educational material catalogs pertaining to African-American history. Included are Young's research on the Underground Railroad, focusing on the Pennsylvania to Canada connection. The sub-series on Native Americans includes materials from the Lenni Lenape Historical Society (Allentown, Pennsylvania), along with journal essays and magazine pictorials of various tribes in the United States. African history holds essays, maps and a sub-group with periodicals, journal essays, news releases and circulars pertaining to apartheid and the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa. The series also includes various conference papers and reports from national organizations including the KUUMBA Foundation, (part of the Congress of African Peoples). The sub-series Literary Productions contains poems collected by Young and a partial draft of an untitled screenplay which would become the movie Daughters of the Dust by Julie Dash.

Series 4. Subject Files incorporates various printed documents, newspaper and magazine clippings, relating to the political, professional and personal interest of Frank Albert Young. Includes an large section on the topic of race relations and racism.

Series 5. Various Materials holds various notes, mostly of business and media mailing addresses and labels used by Young. Also, contains various brochures from government and non-profit agencies. Includes a folder of ephemera with a "Passenger's Check" issued by the Charleston (South Carolina) Consolidated Railway and Lighting Company (circa 1910).

Series 6. Oversize Materials contains newspapers, mostly from grassroots organizations and oversize posters collected by Young. Of note, is The Black Panther Intercommunal News Service, a newspaper edited by Huey P. Newton, and published by the Black Panther Party: Ministry of Information, (Volume XIX No. 9).

Collection Arrangement

Series 1. Biographical Documents

Series 2. Organizational Affiliations

Series 3. Research and Instructional Materials

Series 4. Subject Files

Series 5: Various Materials

Series 6: Oversize Materials

Subject Headings

  • Adamz-Bogus, SDiane, 1946-
  • Dash, Julie, 1952-
  • Katz, William Loren, 1940-
  • African American--Periodicals
  • African American--Study and teaching--Periodicals
  • Anti-apartheid movements--South Africa
  • Apartheid--South Africa--History
  • Apartheid--South Africa--Periodicals
  • Associations, institutions, etc.--African American membership
  • Black Panther Party--Newspapers
  • Congress of African Peoples.
  • Daufuskie Island (S.C.)--Social conditions.
  • Delaware Indians--Lenni Lenape Indians
  • Ku Klux Klan (1915- )--History--20th century.
  • National Association of Black Social Workers
  • National Black United Front
  • United States. Coastal Barrier Resources Act

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series 1: Biographical Documents, 1970-1989, and undated.

This series includes photocopied newspaper articles focusing on Frank Albert Young, with brief photographs, manuscripts and poems by Young, with personal materials. Another sub-series contains correspondence, mostly letters (business and personal) sent to Young, along with greeting and postcards.

1.1: Biographical Documents, 1970-1988, and undated.

Box 1   Folder 1
Biographical Profiles, 1986-1988, and undated
Holds newspaper articles (photocopied) written about Young. Also includes Young's vita, business cards, and a Resolution issued by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 4 May 1988.
Box 1   Folder 2
Manuscripts by Frank Albert Young, undated
Scattered historical writings and poems by "Mzee Young."
Box 1   Folder 3
Photographs of Frank Albert Young, circa 1988
Color professional prints (2 1/2x 3; 5 x7; and 8 x 10 inches).
Box 1   Folder 4
Photographs, undated
Several unidentifed color images, with two of Young's brother protesting apartment conditions in Bronx, New York.
Box 1   Folder 5
Various Personal Materials, 1970-1987
Contains invoices and personal phone book.

1.2: Correspondence, 1975-1989.

Includes letters (business and personal) sent to Young, in addition to greeting and post cards.
Box 1   Folder 6
Correspondence: Business, 1975-1979
Box 1   Folder 7
Correspondence: Business, 1982-1984
Includes a letter with newspaper article from "Black Indian" historian, William Loren Katz, thanking Young for his information on "Black Westerners."
Box 1   Folder 8
Correspondence: Business, 1986-1989
Box 1   Folder 9
Correspondence-Business: Jeremiah Gadsden Memorial Scholarship Fund, Charleston, South Carolina, 1985-1987
Letters written by Mario Gadsden, the brother of Jeremiah regarding programing and promotion of this scholarship.
Box 1   Folder 10
Correspondence: Joseph R. Messina, South Orange, New Jersey, 1980-1988
Young's correspondence with a portrait artist.
Box 1   Folder 11
Correspondence: Personal, 1976-1979
Box 1   Folder 12
Correspondence: Personal, 1980
Box 1   Folder 13
Correspondence: Personal, 1981-1982
Box 1   Folder 14
Correspondence: Personal, 1984-1987
Box 1   Folder 15
Correspondence: Invitations, 1979-1989
Invitations from academic and civic organizations.
Box 2   Folder 1
Correspondence: Greeting Cards, 1979-1981
Box 2   Folder 2
Correspondence: Greeting Cards, 1984-1986, and undated
Box 2   Folder 3
Correspondence: Postcards, 1978-1983, and undated
Includes unsent cards addressed to Young's son Duncan and blank cards.

Series 2: Organizational Affiliations, 1970-1989.

Contains documents pertaining to Young's organizations which he either established, co-founded or was an member of.

2.1: Organizational Activities, 1978-1989, and undated.

This series includes documents associated with Frank Albert Young's affiliation with social justice, civil rights, political and grassroots associations. Many of which were founded or cofounded by Young. Several organizations document Young's involvement as a journalist/media representative.
Box 2   Folder 4
African-American Educational Association, Phoenix, Arizona, 1978, 1981-1982
Contains correspondence and invoices from book sellers.
Box 2   Folder 5
Black Employee Association of the County of Los Angeles, 1979, 1980
Contains correspondence and invitations.
Box 2   Folder 6
Third World-American Education Association, Carbondale, Pennsylvania, 1981-1989
Contains correspondence to Young with a letter and booklet from author and poet, SDiane (Adamz-) Bogus.
Box 2   Folder 7
Third World Press (newspaper), Carbondale, Pennsylvania, 1982, 1984, 1988-1987
Contains correspondence to Young regarding South Africa and Grenada, some with newspaper clippings; with blank letter head stationary.

2.2: Pan-African Press, Charleston, South Carolina, 1978-1987.

An organization founded by Young, also known as the Pan-African Communication Committee. Contains correspondence, brochures, pamphlets, and newspaper clippings used in Young's research on the Ku Klux Klan in Pennsylvania and nationally.
Box 2   Folder 8
Pan-African Press: General Correspondence, 1981-1982
Box 2   Folder 9
Pan-African Press: Correspondence from the United States Congress and Senate, 1980, 1985-1986
Includes letters and news releases regarding the Free South Africa Movement and the Anti-Apartheid Act of 1985, spearheaded by Congressman Walter E. Fauntroy.
Box 2   Folder 10
Pan-African Press: The Ku Klux Klan, 1978-1987
Contains booklets and print outs from the Anti-Defamation League of B'Nai B'rith. Also view Box 9 (Oversize) for additional materials.
Box 2   Folder 11
Pan-African Press: National Anti-Klan Network, 1981-1982, and undated
Contains correspondence, brochures and newsletters.
Box 2   Folder 12
Pan-African Press: Newspaper clippings regarding the Ku Klux Klan, 1980-1981
Articles used in Young's research.

2.3: Affiliations, 1970-1988, and undated.

Organizations and associations in which Frank Young had membership and involvement in. Contains various correspondence, organizational publications, newsletters, newspaper and magazine clippings, and flyers.
Box 3   Folder 1
Black Anti-Defamation Coalition, Incorporated, 1979-1980
This organization is also referred to as the "Coalition Against the Airing of Beulah Land," a television mini-series. Includes position papers, newsletters and photocopied newspaper articles.
Box 3   Folder 2
Black Coalition to March Against the Democratic Convention, 1980, 1984
Contains press releases and election report, "Blacks and the 1984 Democratic National Convention: A Guide."
Box 3   Folder 3
Center for Democratic Renewal, Atlanta, Georgia, 1984-1988
Formerly the National Anti-Klan Network. Includes reports, photocopied newspaper and magazine articles, regarding Lyndon LaRouche.
Box 3   Folder 4
International Committee Against Racism, Brooklyn, New York, 1978, 1980 and undated
Includes newsletters, and booklets.
Box 3   Folder 5
National Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression, Los Angeles, California, 1979
Contains pamphlets, newsletters newspaper articles, and flyers regarding the murder of Eula Mae Love by a Los Angeles Police officer.
Box 3   Folder 6
National Association for African-American Education, Los Angeles, California, 1970
Includes correspondence (to and from) Young as organization's representative, regarding educational materials from the DuSable Museum of African American History, (Chicago, Illinois).
Box 3   Folder 7
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1978, 1981-1982, and undated
Contains newsletters and flyers from the Maricopa County (Arizona) and the Charleston, South Carolina chapters. Also includes a "Black Voter Registration Goal" report from the South Carolina Conference of NAACP Branches (1982).
Box 3   Folder 8
National Association of Black Social Workers, Los Angeles (California) Chapter, 1977-1979, and undated
Includes newsletters, memorandums, pamphlets, conference programs, and handwritten notes by Young
Box 3   Folder 9
National Black Child Development Association, 1985, 1986, and undated
Includes background information typescript, newspaper article and report on African American morality.
Box 3   Folder 10
National Black United Front, Brooklyn, New York, 1979-1981, 1983, 1985, and undated
An African American grassroots organization established by the Reverend Herbert Daughtry. Contains letters to Young, booklet convention programs with "Mobilizing Kit" for the third conference, newsletters, flyers, press releases, and photocopied newspaper articles.
Box 3   Folder 11
National Black United Front: Campaign for the Missing Children in Atlanta (Georgia), 1981
Includes press releases, flyers, newspaper articles regarding the organization's effort to establish awareness and mobilize citizens on the Atlanta murders.
Box 3   Folder 12
National Council of Senior Citizens, 1976-1979, 1983-1984, 1987-1988, and undated
Contains newsletters, report, press release, and photocopied newspaper articles.
Box 3   Folder 13
South Carolina Black Arts Coalition, 1981-1982, and undated
Contains Constitution and By-Laws, conference programs, news releases, and board member guidelines for fundraising activities.

2.4: Affiliations: Environmental Protection Associations, 1979-1983, and undated.

Includes documents from organizations pertaining to the preservation of coastal and barrier resources. Organizations include the Barrier Islands Coalition, the Folly Beach Erosion Committee, and materials pertaining to the Coastal Barrier Resources Act.
Box 3   Folder 14
Barrier Islands Coalition, 1979-1983, and undated
A national organization for the protection of beach erosion, includes newsletters, correspondence, and brochures.
Box 3   Folder 15
Folly Beach Erosion Committee, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1985, and undated
Includes letters, agendas, brochures, etc. sent to Young as a board member.
Box 3   Folder 16
Coastal Barrier Resources Act, 1982-1984, 1987
Contains information regarding Daufuskie Island, South Carolina sent by the National Wildlife Federation.

2.5: Newsletters, News Releases, and Circulars, 1978-1989, and undated.

Contains publications and flyers from national and grassroots organizations.
Box 4   Folder 1
Newsletter: "AFRAM Drum", 1981, 1988
Contains several newsletters, flyer and handouts produced by a African-American grassroots organization, (AFRAM Alternative Information/Marketing Service) founded in Harlem, New York.
Box 4   Folder 2
Newsletter: "BEA Perspective", 1980-1981
A publication of the Black Employees Association of Los Angeles County. Also view Box 2 Folder 5 for additional materials on this organization.
Box 4   Folder 3
Newsletter: "Griot", 1980-1981
A publication of the Afro-American Cultural Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Box 4   Folder 4
Newsletter: "Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization" (IFCO), 1981
An organization dealing with church and social materials. Newsletter discusses the "No More Jim Crow" campaign.
Box 4   Folder 5
Newsletter: "Missouri Valley Socialist", 1981-1983
Considered a "underground publication," these newsletters were published by the Northwest Iowa Socialist Party.
Box 4   Folder 6
Newsletter: "The Southern Libertarian Messenger," September-October, 1980
A Libertarian Party publication from Florence, South Carolina by Quality Education, Incorporated and John Hardlee.
Box 4   Folder 7
News Releases: African People's Christian Organization (A.P.C.O), 1985
A Brooklyn, New York grassroots organization. Contains writings regarding apartheid in South Africa.
Box 4   Folder 8
News Releases: A. Philip Randolph Institute, 1980-1985
Civil Rights leader, Bayard Rustin, President of the Randolph Institute authored numerous included news articles.
Box 4   Folder 9
News Releases: Motivational Communications, Incorporated, 1979-1980
A media marketing organization Young utilized in his work with Pan-African Communications and East/West Coast News Service.
Box 4   Folder 10
News Releases: Southern Organizing Committee for Economic & Social Justice, 1983
Regarding a civil rights case in Montgomery, Alabama.
Box 4   Folder 11
Circulars: Charleston, South Carolina, 1981, 1989, and undated
Contains booklets, petition and flyers regarding cultural events and programs.
Box 4   Folder 12
Circulars: Los Angeles, California, 1978-1982, and undated
Contains flyers of local events and grassroot based activities.
Box 4   Folder 13
Circulars: New York, 1978, 1981, 1988, and undated
Contains flyers of grassroot based events.
Box 4   Folder 14
Circulars: Various, undated
Flyers from various organizations.

Series 3: Instructional and Research Materials, 1968-1989, and undated.

Contains materials collected by Young for his teaching and writings on African Americans, African and Native American history and heritage. Also includes conference papers and reports from academic institutions and grassroot organizations.

3.1: African-American History, 1968-1989, and undated.

Contains biographical sketches used in Young's teaching to young students, with booklets, journal essays, newspaper and magazine clippings, and educational material catalogs pertaining to African American history.
3.1.1: Biographical Sketches of African American People, Places and Events, 1980-1988, and undated
Includes newspaper clippings and Young's handwritten notes with both notable and unacknowledged African Americans and people of African descent. Arranged alphabetically.
Box 5   Folder 1
"A", 1983, and undated
Includes brief biographical sketch on: Aben Ali, Richard Allen, Arkansas State Educational System, Louis Armstrong, Emmett Littleton Ashford, and Crispus Attucks.
Box 5   Folder 2
"B", undated
Includes: Dehord Bailey, Benjamin Banneker, "First Black Baseball Player in Major Leagues," "First Black Profession Baseball Team," Basin Street Red Light District, Andrew Bishop and Cleo Desmond, Bithiah, "Black Popes," "Black Whalers," Bill Bottoms, John Wesley Bowen, Richard Henry Boyd, Clara Brown, E.C. Brown, Grafton Taylor Brown, William Wells Brown, Buffalo Soldiers, "Butterbeans and Susie."
Box 5   Folder 3
"C", undated
Godfrey Cambridge, George Washington Carver, Colorado Gold Fields: (Clara Brown, Barney Ford, John Frazier, Ed Sanderlin), O.J.T. Conner, John F. Cook, and William and Ellen Craft.
Box 5   Folder 4
"D", undated
Rodney M. Davis, William Deas, Francisco Vasquez DeCoronado, Warren Dodds, Isaiah Dorman, Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. DuBois, Ada Beatrice Louise Smith DuConge aka "Bricktop," Alexandre Dumas, Andrew Durnford, and Jean Baptiste Pointe DuSable.
Box 5   Folder 5
"E", 1980, and undated
The East Organization, Marian Wright Edelman, and Major General Robert B. Elliott.
Box 5   Folder 6
"F", 1987, 1988 and undated
John Fleming, "Forten the Sail Maker," James and Charlotte Forten, T. Thomas Fortune, Samuel (Black Sam) Fraunces.
Box 5   Folder 7
"G", undated
Marcus Garvey, Eslanda Cardozo Goode, and Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield.
Box 5   Folder 8
"H", 1985, 1988, and undated
W.C. Handy, Jupiter Harmon, Arminius Hayne, Lemual Haynes, James Augustine Healy, Matthew Alexander Henson, and his descendants, Richard Huey, Alberta Hunter, and Zora Neale Hurston.
Box 5   Folder 9
"J", 1987, and undated
Caterina Jarboro, Frances Johnson, Henry Johnson, James Weldon Johnson, Rear Admiral Wendell N. Johnson, Absalom Jones, Sissiretta Jones, Percy Julian, and Ernest Everett Just.
Box 5   Folder 10
"K", 1988, and undated
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Coretta Scott King.
Box 5   Folder 11
"L", undated
John Mercer Langston, Louis Howard Latimer, Canada Lee, Dr. Rebecca Lee, Edmonia Lewis, Nat Love, Dr. Miles Vandahurst Lynk and Beebe Steven Lynk.
Box 5   Folder 12
"M", 1987, and undated
Thurgood Marshall, Florence Mills, Myrtilla Miner, Arthur Mitchell, Mildred Mitchell-Bateman, Tom Molineaux, Fred R. Moore, Elias C. Morris, and Isaac Murphy.
Box 5   Folder 13
"O", undated
Burr Osborn, Oregon Trail and farmers, and Edward Ory.
Box 5   Folder 14
"P", 1986, 1987, and undated
Harry H. Pace (Black Swan Photograph Company), "Pedro," Herman E. Perry, Bill Pickett, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback, Fritz Pollard, Adam Clayton Powell, Sr., Nelson Primus, and Alexander Pushkin.
Box 5   Folder 15
"R", 1987, and undated
James T. Rapier, Louis Rawlins, Dr. Robert Reyburn, Willy T. Ribbs, Dr. Kay George Roberts, and Wilma Rudolph.
Box 5   Folder 16
"S", 1987, and undated
Dred Scott, Noble Sissle and Eubie Black, William J. Simmons, Drink Small, Southern Societies, and Richard B. Spikes.
Box 5   Folder 17
"T", 1987, and undated
Henry O. Tanner, Pierre Toussaint, Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard, Beatrice Johnson Trammell, Dr. C. Travares, Williams MonroeTrotter, Sojourner Truth, James Milton Turner, and Nat Turner.
Box 5   Folder 18
"W", 1983, and undated
Madame C.J. Walker, Moses Fleetwood Walker, Ike Ward, Barbara Watson, Ida B. Wells, Joseph Wells, Whipper, Elliot, and Allen, Malvin Greston Whitfield, Bert Williams, Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, Peter Williams, and Carter Godwin Woodson.
3.1.2: Teaching Materials, 1968-1989, and undated
Contains booklets, journal essays, newspaper and magazine clippings, and educational material catalogs pertaining to African American history.
Box 5   Folder 19
African American History Materials, 1968, 1988, and undated
Contains various journal articles, booklets, information sheets and Young's handwritten notes of notable African Americans, many created for Black History Month.
Box 5   Folder 21
African American Composers, 1978-1980
Contains various photocopied newspaper articles regarding African American musicians complied by AFRAM Associates.
Box 5   Folder 20
African American Journalism, 1970
Contains an essay, "A Historical Perspective of the Black Press," by Jesse Carrington, Herald Dispatch.
Box 5   Folder 21
Civil War, Slavery, and the Underground Railroad, 1975, 1979, 1987
Includes photocopied materials from the Pictorial Library of the Missouri Historical Society (1979), in addition to Young's newspaper clippings and handwritten notes.
Box 5   Folder 22
Educational Materials Catalogs, 1980-1983, 1989, and undated
Includes brochures and flyers for books, prints, posters, etc. regarding African American history and culture.

3.2: Native American History, 1973-1986, and undated.

Box 6   Folder 1
Native Americans: Lenni Lenape Historical Society, Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1984-1986, and undated
Contains newspaper article highlighting Young's Lenni Lenape's heritage, in addition to brochures, and out reach publications from the museum.
Box 6   Folder 2
Native Americans: Journal Essays and Articles, 1973-1979
Box 6   Folder 3
Native Americans: Magazine Images, undated
Holds images of Native Americans from various tribes from the 19th century. Original source of images is unknown.

3.3: African History, 1973-1989, and undated.

Contains instructional materials, essays, maps and a sub-group regarding apartheid in South Africa.
3.3.1: African History Teaching Materials, undated
Box 6   Folder 4
African History: Instructional Materials, undated
Contains instructional handouts for primary and secondary education.
Box 6   Folder 5
African History: Maps, undated
Contains various maps from reproduced from books, several with slave routes.
Box 6   Folder 6
African History: Various Journal Essays, undated
3.3.2: South Africa, 1973-1989, and undated
Box 6   Folder 7
Newsletters: Southern Africa Support Committee, 1977-1980
Box 6   Folder 8
Newsletters: Corporate Information Center (CIC) Brief, 1973-1974, 1976
Box 6   Folder 9
Position Paper: "Student Anti-Apartheid Movement Newsletter," June, 1981
Issued by the American Committee on Africa (ACOA).
Box 6   Folder 10
United Nations Publications, 1981, 1986
Includes the Centre Against Apartheid, "Register of Entertainers, Actors and Others Who Have Performed in Apartheid South Africa."
Box 6   Folder 11
Various Materials regarding South Africa, 1976, 1978, 1985-1989
Contains scattered newsletters, magazine and newspaper articles, and flyers.

3.4: Conference Papers and Reports, 1971-1988, and undated.

Box 7   Folder 1
Conference Papers: KUUMBA Foundation, San Diego, California, 1971
An organization that was part of the Congress of African Peoples. Contains transcript from entire conference sessions.
Box 7   Folder 2
Conference Materials: 1988 Black History Conference, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1987-1988
Includes correspondence, program agendas, brochures regarding the conference. Young was recognized at this conference for his work as an historian.
Box 7   Folder 3
Conference Papers: 2nd International Performing Arts Conference, Montreal, Canada, 1986
Includes session transcripts from the Quebec Board of Black Educators, Incorporated presenters.
Box 7   Folder 4
Report: Sixth Pan-African Congress, 1974
Report of the Southern California Delegation.
Box 7   Folder 5
Various Reports, 1980, 1986, 1988, and undated
Includes "Breaking Down Barriers: New Evidence on the Impact of Metropolitan School Desegregation on Housing Patterns," (1980); "Summaries of Major Papers in "The State of Black America-1986," "Teacher-Pupil Relationships as Related to Intergroup and Interracial Problems," and "The Impact of Social/Economic Change on Households: A Profiled of Six River Communities," (Pennsylvania-1988).

3.5: Literary Productions, 1970-1989, and undated .

Includes poems collected by Young. Also contains of note is a partial draft an untitled screenplay which eventually became the movie, Daughters of the Dust by Julie Dash.
Box 7   Folder 6
Poems, 1970, 1979, 1980, and undated
Contains poetry written by various poets (published and unpublished), with several transcribed by Young.
Box 7   Folder 7
Screenplay: Partial draft of "shooting script" for Daughters of the Dust, 1989
Authored by Julie Dash; missing title page.

Series 4: Subject Files, 1972-1988, and undated.

This series contains various printed material, newspaper and magazine clippings, relating to the political, professional and personal interest of Frank Albert Young.
Box 7   Folder 8
Black Veterans for Social Justice, circa 1972
Contains brochures.
Box 7   Folder 9
British Information Services, 1980
Contains "List of Independent Countries and Dependencies within the Commonwealth."
Box 7   Folder 10
Education, 1988, and undated
Contains articles on the need to teach writing and the "school-student connection."
Box 7   Folder 11
Guyana, South America, 1986
Contains booklet on Demerara Sugar Company.
Box 7   Folder 12
Race Relations and Racism, 1980-1981, and undated
Contains journal essays and newspaper clippings.
Box 7   Folder 13
Socialist Labor Party, 1984, and undated
Contains a letter to Young, brochures and circulars.

Series 5: Various Materials, 1910-1981, and undated.

Holds various notes, mostly of business and media mailing addresses and labels used by Young. Also contains various brochures from government and non-profit agencies, and a folder with brief ephemera.
Box 8   Folder 1
Various Notes, 1981, and undated
Contains Young's handwritten notes, mostly of business and media mailing addresses.
Box 8   Folder 2
Mailing Labels, undated
Labels from businesses cut and saved by Young.
Box 8   Folder 3
Various Brochures, 1980, and undated
Pamphlets from government and non-profit agencies.
Box 8   Folder 4
Audio-Visual Material: "We, The People" VHS video tape, undated
Box 8   Folder 5
Ephemera, circa 1910 and 1976
Contains a "Passenger's Check" for three (3) cents fare, issued by the Charleston Consolidated Railway and Lighting Company (circa 1910) and a Michigan bicentennial automobile licence tag.

Series 6: Oversize Materials, 1915-1988.

Contains newspapers, posters and an oversize photograph collected by Frank Young.
Oversize  9
Periodicals: Newspapers, 1979-1988
Contains: IFCO News Spring/Summer 1979-January-February 1982 (also see Box 4 Folder 4 for newsletters published by the Interreligious Foundation for Community Organization). The Black Panther Intercommunal News Service, Huey P. Newton, editor, published by the Black Panther Party: Ministry of Information, Oakland, California, 5 August 1979. The Front Page, published by the National Black United Front-January 1981, Spring 1985, Fall 1986, Summer 1987 (Also see Box 3 Folder 11 for addition materials). Innerview, published by the Los Angeles Cultural Center, March 1981. In/Form, published by The Group for Integrated Studies, Charleston Heights, South Carolina, October 1980. The Southern Courier, Charleston, South Carolina, 12 August 1981, 16 September 1981. Suburbia, Charleston, South Carolina, 5 and 25 July 1979. The Chronicle, Charleston, South Carolina, 21 March 1981. Unity, Oakland, California, 30 November 1988. World Magazine, New York, New York, 7 February 1981. Excerpt from The Tennessean newspaper, "My Life With the Klan," by Jerry Thompson, 7 December 1980. Report from The Tennessean newspaper, "The "New" Klan: White Racism in the 1980s."
Drawer  10
Posters and Photograph, 1915, 1980-1988
Contains event posters from National Black United Front, and other African-American associations. Also includes a group photograph of the Order of Railroad Telegraphers, St. Louis, Missouri 14 May 1915.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

No restrictions.

Copyright Notice

The nature of the Avery Research Center's archival holdings means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Avery Research Center claims only physical ownership of most archival materials.

The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. copyright law. The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Frank Albert Young Papers, Avery Research Center, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, USA.

Acquisition Note

Papers were donated by P. Young, 21 September 1993.

Processing Information

Processed by Georgette Mayo, August 2014

Edited by Aaron Spelbring, December 2014

Encoded by Aaron Spelbring, December 2014